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Recent advances have led to insights into the structure of the bacterial ribosome, but little is known about the 3D organization of ribosomes in the context of translating polysomes. We employed cryoelectron tomography and a template-matching approach to map 70S ribosomes in vitrified bacterial translation extracts and in lysates of active E. coli(More)
Heat shock protein (Hsp) 70/Hsp90-organizing proteins (Hop/Sti1) are thought to function as adaptor proteins to link the two chaperone machineries Hsp70 and Hsp90 during the processing of substrate proteins in eukaryotes. Hop (Hsp70/Hsp90-organizing protein) is composed of three tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domains, of which the first (TPR1) binds to(More)
Ribosomes arranged in pairs (100S) have been related with nutritional stress response and are believed to represent a "hibernation state." Several proteins have been identified that are associated with 100S ribosomes but their spatial organization has hitherto not been characterized. We have used cryoelectron tomography to reveal the three-dimensional(More)
Structural studies have provided detailed insights into different functional states of the ribosome and its interaction with factors involved in nascent peptide folding, processing, and targeting. However, how the translational machinery is organized spatially in native cellular environments is not yet well understood. Here we have mapped individual(More)
In eukaryotic cells, cotranslational protein translocation across the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane requires an elaborate macromolecular machinery. While structural details of ribosomes bound to purified and solubilized constituents of the translocon have been elucidated in recent years, little structural knowledge of ribosomes bound to the complete(More)
Orthopoxviruses commonly enter into humans and animals via the respiratory tract. Herein, we show that immigration of leukocytes into the lung is triggered via intranasal infection of mice with modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) and not with the vaccinia virus (VACV) Elstree, Wyeth, or Western Reserve (WR) strain. Immigrating cells were identified as(More)
Diese Dissertation wurde selbständig, ohne unerlaubte Hilfen erarbeitet. Acknowledgements I would like to thank Prof. F. Ulrich Hartl for providing me the opportunity to work under his guidance and introducing me to the fascinating field of Chaperone mediated protein folding. His constant support, encouragement, ideas and often stimulating discussions were(More)
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