BACKGROUND We aimed to assess the current state of PKU screening and management in the region of southeastern Europe. METHODS A survey was performed involving all identified professionals responsible for the PKU management in the 11 countries from South-Eastern region of Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia,… (More)
One hundred patients with decompensated hydrocephalus (60 operated, 40 nonoperated) were studied both retrospectively and prospectively at 3 moments of the disease course. The indicators were clinical: neurologic, psychic and social, and paraclinical: results of pneumoencephalography, encephalography, radioisotope cisternography. The effects of surgical… (More)
The paper presents some mechanisms which determine or accompany cellular brain edema: intracellular and extracellular osmolality alteration, neuronal excitation, increased extracellular K+ concentration, anoxia, ischemia and hepatic encephalopathy.