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The aim of our study was to assess the current state of newborn screening (NBS) in the region of southeastern Europe, as an example of a developing region, focusing also on future plans. Responses were obtained from 11 countries. Phenylketonuria screening was not introduced in four of 11 countries, while congenital hypothyroidism screening was not… (More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to assess the current state of PKU screening and management in the region of southeastern Europe. METHODS A survey was performed involving all identified professionals responsible for the PKU management in the 11 countries from South-Eastern region of Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia,… (More)
The paper presents some mechanisms which determine or accompany cellular brain edema: intracellular and extracellular osmolality alteration, neuronal excitation, increased extracellular K+ concentration, anoxia, ischemia and hepatic encephalopathy.
One hundred patients with decompensated hydrocephalus (60 operated, 40 nonoperated) were studied both retrospectively and prospectively at 3 moments of the disease course. The indicators were clinical: neurologic, psychic and social, and paraclinical: results of pneumoencephalography, encephalography, radioisotope cisternography. The effects of surgical… (More)