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X-machines were proposed by Holcombe as a possible specification language and since then a number of further investigations have demonstrated that the model is intuitive and easy to use as well as general enough to cater for a wide range of applications. In particular (generalised) stream X-machines have been found to be extremely useful as a specification(More)
The aim of this paper is to show how the P systems with replicated rewriting can be mod-eled by X-machines (also called Eilenberg machines). In the first approach, the parallel behaviour of the regions of a P system is simulated by a sequential process involving a single X-machine. This allows the application of the X-machine testing procedures in order to(More)
Although testing is a major part of software development, it rarely gets the attention it deserves from researchers, partly because its foundations are weak and ill-understood. The principal purpose of testing is to detect (and then remove) faults in a software system. However, very few of the existing methods allow the tester to make any precise statement(More)
The X-machine testing method has been developed as an application of the W-method to testing the control structure of an implementation, against a specification. The method was proven to demonstrate the equivalence of the behaviour of the two, subject to a number of conditions both a specification and an implementation are expected to satisfy, such as (1)(More)
One of the great benefits of using a stream X-machine to specify a system is its associated testing method. Under certain design for test conditions, this method produces a test suite that can determine the correctness of the implementation under test (IUT), provided that the processing functions of the stream X-machine specification have been correctly(More)
A stream X-machine is a type of extended finite state machine with an associated development approach that consists of building a system from a set of trusted components. One of the great benefits of using stream X-machines for the purpose of specification is the existence of test generation techniques that produce test suites that are guaranteed to(More)