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Diamond is the archetypal covalent material. Each atom in an sp(3) configuration is bonded to four nearest neighbours. Because of its remarkable properties, diamond has been extensively studied. And yet our knowledge of the properties of diamond under very high pressure is still incomplete. Although diamond is known to be the preferred allotrope of carbon(More)
The quest for metallic hydrogen at high pressures represents a longstanding problem in condensed matter physics. Recent calculations have predicted that solid hydrogen should become a molecular metal at pressures above 300 GPa, before transforming into an alkali metal; but the strong quantum nature of the problem makes the predictions difficult. Over a(More)
The compression curve of iron is measured up to 205 GPa at 298 K, under quasihydrostatic conditions in a diamond anvil cell. Above 150 GPa, the compression of this metal is significantly higher than previously measured under nonhydrostatic conditions. The same compression curve is also calculated ab initio and the deviation between experiment and theory is(More)
The five independent elastic moduli of single-crystalline hcp cobalt were determined by inelastic x-ray scattering to 39 GPa and compared to ultrasonic measurements and first principles calculations. In general the agreement is good, in particular, for the evolution of the longitudinal sound velocity in the a-c plane. This confirms the calculations,(More)
We report an experimental determination of the phonon dispersion curves in a face-centered cubic (fcc) delta-plutonium-0.6 weight % gallium alloy. Several unusual features, including a large elastic anisotropy, a small-shear elastic modulus C', a Kohn-like anomaly in the T1[011] branch, and a pronounced softening of the [111] transverse modes, are found.(More)
The structural stability of fcc Ni over a very large pressure range offers a unique opportunity to experimentally investigate how magnetism is modified by simple compression. K-edge x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) shows that fcc Ni is ferromagnetic up to 200 GPa, contradicting recent predictions of an abrupt transition to a paramagnetic state at(More)
The prediction of novel lithium hydrides with nontraditional stoichiometries at high pressure has been seminal for highlighting a promising line of research on hydrogen-dense materials. Here, we report the evidences of the disproportionation of LiH above 130 GPa to form lithium hydrides containing H2 units. Measurements have been performed using the(More)
The cerium γ⇄α transition was investigated using high-pressure, high-temperature angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction measurements on both poly- and single-crystalline samples, explicitly addressing symmetry change and transformation paths. The isomorphic hypothesis of the transition is confirmed, with a transition line ending at a solid-solid critical point.(More)
We have measured the isothermal equation of state (EOS) of osmium to 75 GPa under hydrostatic conditions at room temperature using angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction. A least-squares fit of this data using a third-order Birch-Murnaghan EOS yields an isothermal bulk modulus K0=411+/-6 GPa, showing osmium is more compressible than diamond. Most importantly,(More)
BACKGROUND Strong geographic variations in the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are observed in developed countries. The reasons for these variations are unknown. They may reflect regional inequalities in the population's sociodemographic characteristics, related diseases, or medical practice patterns. In France, at the district level, the(More)