Florent G. Revel

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The KiSS-1 gene encodes kisspeptin, the endogenous ligand of the G-protein-coupled receptor GPR54. Recent data indicate that the KiSS-1/GPR54 system is critical for the regulation of reproduction and is required for puberty onset. In seasonal breeders, reproduction is tightly controlled by photoperiod (i.e., day length). The Syrian hamster is a seasonal(More)
The hypocretin (orexin) system is involved in sleep/wake regulation, and antagonists of both hypocretin receptor type 1 (HCRTR1) and/or HCRTR2 are considered to be potential hypnotic medications. It is currently unclear whether blockade of either or both receptors is more effective for promoting sleep with minimal side effects. Accordingly, we compared the(More)
In seasonal species, photoperiod organizes various physiological processes, including reproduction. Recent data indicate that the expression of type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (Dio2) is modulated by photoperiod in the mediobasal hypothalamus of some seasonal species. Dio2 is believed to control the local synthesis of bioactive T(3) to regulate gonadal(More)
The trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1), activated by endogenous metabolites of amino acids like the trace amines p-tyramine and β-phenylethylamine, has proven to be an important modulator of the dopaminergic system and is considered a promising target for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. To decipher the brain functions of TAAR1, a(More)
In seasonal species, various physiological processes including reproduction are organized by photoperiod via melatonin, but the mechanisms of melatonin action are still unknown. In birds, the peptide gonadotropin-inhibiting hormone (GnIH) has been shown to have inhibitory effects on reproductive activity and displays seasonal changes of expression. Here we(More)
Hibernation is a fascinating, yet enigmatic, physiological phenomenon during which body temperature and metabolism are reduced to save energy. During the harsh season, this strategy allows substantial energy saving by reducing body temperature and metabolism. Accordingly, biological processes are considerably slowed down and reduced to a minimum. However,(More)
Reproduction is a complex and energy demanding function. When internal and external conditions might impair reproductive success (negative energy balance, stress, harsh season) reproductive activity has to be repressed. Recent evidence suggests that these inhibitory mechanisms operate on Kiss1-expressing neurons, which were recently shown to be implicated(More)
BACKGROUND Trace amines, compounds structurally related to classical biogenic amines, represent endogenous ligands of the trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1). Because trace amines also influence the activity of other targets, selective ligands are needed for the elucidation of TAAR1 function. Here we report on the identification and characterization(More)
Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe and highly complex mental illness. Current treatments manage the positive symptoms, yet have minimal effects on the negative and cognitive symptoms, two prominent features of the disease with critical impact on the long-term morbidity. In addition, antipsychotic treatments trigger serious side effects that precipitate(More)
Insomnia, the most common sleep disorder, is characterized by persistent difficulty in falling or staying asleep despite adequate opportunity to sleep, leading to daytime fatigue and mental dysfunction. As sleep is a sophisticated physiological process generated by a network of neuronal systems that cannot be reproduced in-vitro, pre-clinical development of(More)