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An increase of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) has been shown to occur in man during spinal cord stimulation (SCS) by Hosobuchi (1986) and by Meglioet al. (1988) using the 133-Xenon wash-out technique. In this paper we report the effects of SCS on CBF as measured by two different techniques: 8 patients were studied with the 133-Xe method and 28 with the(More)
The objective was to identify predictors of cognitive decline in patients with hypoxaemic COPD on continuous oxygen therapy. Eighty-four consecutive ambulatory hypoxaemic COPD patients in stable clinical conditions were prospectively studied over the course of 2 yr. Baseline multidimensional assessment included respiratory function tests, blood gas(More)
In this article we consider the relationship between asthma mortality rates, obtained from the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), and the doses of all antiasthmatic drugs except systemic steroids sold in Italy in the years 1974-1988. The total asthma mortality rate showed three different trends: it decreased slowly until 1978 (period A);(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy, in comparison with a reference method, of the Nellcor N-20P pulse oximeter in the assessment of oxyhaemoglobin saturation (Sa,O2). Sa,O2 was monitored at rest by the Nellcor N-20P pulse oximeter in 100 subjects (82 males, mean age 68+/-12 yrs) consecutively enroled. At the same time, an arterial(More)
Transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) patterns of middle cerebral arteries (MCA) were recorded in 10 patients before and during unilateral trigeminal ganglion stimulation (TGS). During TGS, TCD flow velocity significantly decreases in all patients: on both sides in 2 patients, only ipsilaterally to the TGS in 7 patients, and only on the opposite side in the(More)
Capacitance measurements provide a powerful means of probing the density of states. The technique has proved particularly successful in studying 2D electron systems, revealing a number of interesting many-body effects. Here, we use large-area high-quality graphene capacitors to study behavior of the density of states in this material in zero and high(More)
We describe a case of chest pain caused by tracheostomy tube malposition in a 65-year old woman with chronic respiratory failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This report highlights the importance of the correct choice of tracheostomy tube devices for mechanically ventilated and/or spontaneously breathing patients.
The indirect estimate of oxyhaemoglobin saturation (Sa,O2) is largely used in the management of patients with respiratory failure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the Sa,O2 values calculated by using both the Siggaard-Andersen (SA) and the Severinghaus (SE) equation, in comparison with the real Sa,O2 values measured by a co-oximeter. A(More)