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Levels of proinflammatory cytokines associate with risk for developing type 2 diabetes but whether chronic inflammation contributes to the development of diabetic complications, such as ESRD, is unknown. In the 1990s, we recruited 410 patients with type 2 diabetes for studies of diabetic nephropathy and recorded their characteristics at enrollment. During(More)
The human fetus is not rejected by the maternal immune system despite expressing paternal antigens. Natural killer cells, the major lymphocyte population of the human decidua (dNKs), express genes with immunomodulatory potential. These include galectin-1 (gal1), a lectin with apoptotic activity on activated CD8(+) T cells, Th1 and Th17 CD4(+) cells.(More)
HLA alelles with susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been found in many ethnic groups. In addition, some neighboring genes such as TNF-alpha and HSP70, that may contribute to this disease have also been described. Interestingly some of the genetic associations differ among several ethnic groups, which might suggest that ethnicity plays(More)
Elevated plasma concentrations of TNF receptors 1 and 2 (TNFR1 and TNFR2) predict development of ESRD in patients with type 2 diabetes without proteinuria, suggesting these markers may contribute to the pathogenesis of renal decline. We investigated whether circulating markers of the TNF pathway determine GFR loss among patients with type 1 diabetes. We(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, multiorgan inflammatory autoimmune disorder associated with high levels of circulating autoantibodies and immune complexes. We report that passive transfer of human SLE sera into mice expressing the uniquely human FcγRIIA and FcγRIIIB on neutrophils induces lupus nephritis and in some cases arthritis only(More)
Penicillin acylase (PA) is an industrial enzyme that is used to convert penicillin G into a precursor for semisynthetic penicillins. We have cloned a segment of DNA that codes for the two subunits required for PA activity. We also report the nucleotide sequence of a DNA fragment that codes for (i) the small subunit, (ii) the N-terminal region of the large(More)
Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) is a β2 integrin classically regarded as a pro-inflammatory molecule because of its ability to promote phagocyte cytotoxic functions and enhance the function of several effector molecules such as FcγR, uPAR, and CD14. Nevertheless, recent reports have revealed that Mac-1 also plays significant immunoregulatory roles, and genetic variants(More)
Glomerulonephritides represent a diverse array of diseases that have in common immune cell-mediated effector mechanisms that cause organ damage. The contribution of neutrophils to the pathogenesis of proliferative glomerulonephritis (GN) is not well recognized. Most equate neutrophils with killing pathogens and causing collateral tissue damage during acute(More)
Endothelial-dependent mechanisms of mononuclear cell influx are not well understood. We showed that acute stimulation of murine microvascular endothelial cells expressing the tumor necrosis factor receptors TNFR1 and TNFR2 with the soluble cytokine TNF led to CXCR3 chemokine generation. The TNF receptors signaled through interferon regulatory factor-1(More)
Leukocyte CD18 integrins increase their affinity for ligand by transmitting allosteric signals to and from their ligand-binding αI domain. Mechanical forces induce allosteric changes that paradoxically slow dissociation by increasing the integrin/ligand bond lifetimes, referred to as catch bonds. Mac-1 formed catch bonds with its ligands. However, a Mac-1(More)