Cocaine addiction is a chronic disease marked by relapses, co-morbidities and the importance of psychosocial consequences. The etiology of cocaine addiction is complex and involves three types of factors: environmental factors, factors linked to the specific effects of cocaine and genetic factors. The latter could explain 40-60% of the risk for developing… (More)
This study aimed to develop a scale (Obsessive-Compulsive Cocaine Scale [OCCS]) for measuring cocaine craving based on the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS). We tested the scale on 116 French-speaking cocaine users. The scale was reliable (Cronbach's α= 0.93). It was significantly correlated with a visual analogue scale of craving (r = 0.641, p <… (More)
Cocaine use is known to induce transient psychotic symptoms. We evaluated retrospectively the lifetime prevalence of cocaine-induced psychotic symptoms in 105 cocaine addicts with the French version of the Scale for Assessment of Positive Symptoms-Cocaine Induced Psychosis (SAPS-CIP) in a clinical setting. Most patients (86.5%) described such symptoms.
RATIONALE Oral glucose has been shown to decrease tobacco craving in many but not all previous studies. Glucose ingestion may facilitates entry of tryptophan (TRP), the unique source of brain serotonin, into the brain, glucose's action seems to be opposite of rapid TRP depletion. Therefore, the aim was to assess the effect of high doses of oral glucose on… (More)
The co-occurrence of substance use disorders (SUDs) and anxiety disorders has been now well established. This association is frequent and can be explained by three models: the shared vulnerability factors model, the self-medication model, and the substance-induced model. General population epidemiological studies provide strong evidence of the frequency of… (More)
We report the case of a bipolar I patient who was diagnosed with frontotemporal dementia at the age of 54 during a manic episode. Her neurological state improved when this episode ended. Each subsequent thymic relapse was associated with cognitive deﬁcits which subsided when the patient became euthymic, even though SPECT continued to show the same frontal… (More)
Tonically active cholinergic interneurons (TANs) from the nucleus accumbens (NAc) are centrally involved in reward behavior. TANs express a vesicular glutamate transporter referred to as VGLUT3 and thus use both acetylcholine and glutamate as neurotransmitters. The respective roles of each transmitter in the regulation of reward and addiction are still… (More)