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RATIONALE Oral glucose has been shown to decrease tobacco craving in many but not all previous studies. Glucose ingestion may facilitates entry of tryptophan (TRP), the unique source of brain serotonin, into the brain, glucose's action seems to be opposite of rapid TRP depletion. Therefore, the aim was to assess the effect of high doses of oral glucose on(More)
Cocaine addiction is a chronic disease marked by relapses, co-morbidities and the importance of psychosocial consequences. The etiology of cocaine addiction is complex and involves three types of factors: environmental factors, factors linked to the specific effects of cocaine and genetic factors. The latter could explain 40-60% of the risk for developing(More)
BACKGROUND Methadone maintenance treatment is the most widely prescribed treatment for opiate dependence with proven benefits for patients. In naïve users or in case of recreational misuse, methadone can be a source of potentially lethal intoxications, resulting in fatal overdoses. A few cases of infantile intoxications have been described in the(More)
BACKGROUND Many drugs increase the duration of the QT interval of patients, potentially leading to harmful effects such as polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias. Most of these drugs do so by inhibiting the rapid component IKr of the delayed rectifier potassium current IK. Methadone is the most prescribed heroin maintenance treatment and is known to inhibit(More)
Cocaine use is known to induce transient psychotic symptoms. We evaluated retrospectively the lifetime prevalence of cocaine-induced psychotic symptoms in 105 cocaine addicts with the French version of the Scale for Assessment of Positive Symptoms-Cocaine Induced Psychosis (SAPS-CIP) in a clinical setting. Most patients (86.5%) described such symptoms.
Tonically active cholinergic interneurons (TANs) from the nucleus accumbens (NAc) are centrally involved in reward behavior. TANs express a vesicular glutamate transporter referred to as VGLUT3 and thus use both acetylcholine and glutamate as neurotransmitters. The respective roles of each transmitter in the regulation of reward and addiction are still(More)
This study aimed to develop a scale (Obsessive-Compulsive Cocaine Scale [OCCS]) for measuring cocaine craving based on the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS). We tested the scale on 116 French-speaking cocaine users. The scale was reliable (Cronbach's α= 0.93). It was significantly correlated with a visual analogue scale of craving (r = 0.641, p <(More)
Staff members of psychiatric facilities are at high risk of secondhand smoking. Smoking exposure was assessed in 41 nonsmoking employees of a psychiatry department before and after a ban. Subjective exposure measures decreased in 76% of the subjects. Salivary cotinine decreased in the subsample of seven subjects with high pre-ban levels (32+/-8 vs 40+/-17(More)
Cocaine use is associated with the occurrence of transient psychotic symptoms. Sixteen poly-substance abusers already in treatment, who were diagnosed with crack dependence, were assessed twice: at baseline and after 3 weeks of medical management specifically aimed at cocaine abstinence. The psychotic symptoms were assessed with the French version of the(More)