Florence Toti

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ATP-binding-cassette transporter 1 (ABC1) has been implicated in processes related to membrane-lipid turnover. Here, using in vivo loss-of-function and in vitro gain-of-function models, we show that ABC1 promotes Ca2+-induced exposure of phosphatidylserine at the membrane, as determined by a prothrombinase assay, membrane microvesiculation and measurement(More)
Microparticles (MPs) derived from platelets, monocytes, endothelial cells, red blood cells, and granulocytes may be detected in low concentrations in normal plasma and at increased levels in atherothrombotic cardiovascular diseases. The elucidation of the cellular mechanisms underlying the generation of circulating MPs is crucial for improving our(More)
INTRODUCTION Cell stimulation leads to the shedding of phosphatidylserine (PS)-rich microparticles (MPs). Because autoimmune diseases (AIDs) are characterized by cell activation, we investigated level of circulating MPs as a possible biomarker in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS We(More)
RATIONALE Procoagulant microparticles constitute valuable hallmarks of cell damage. Microparticles also behave as cellular effectors. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that the extent of the vascular cell damage measured by circulating microparticles could be related to the severity of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS Circulating biomarkers of(More)
Apoptosis and vascular cell activation are main contributors to the release of procoagulant microparticles (MPs), deleterious partners in atherothrombosis. Elevated levels of circulating platelet, monocyte, or endothelial-derived MPs are associated with most of the cardiovascular risk factors and appear indicative of poor clinical outcome. In addition to(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental data suggest that use of cryoablation in pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is associated with less cell damage and less thrombus formation compared to radiofrequency (RF) energy. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that cryoablation significantly reduces markers of cell damage, platelet activation, and(More)
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), frequently occurring during suppressed hematopoiesis including aplastic anemia (AA), is a clonal disorder associated with an increased incidence of thrombotic events. Complement-mediated hemolysis, impairment of the fibrinolytic system, or platelet activation are thought to be responsible for the associated(More)
Endotoxin-stimulated monocytes can elicit a dual procoagulant response. They express tissue factor and expose phosphatidylserine in the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane. Tissue factor, a membrane glycoprotein, is the cellular trigger of blood coagulation reactions. Phosphatidylserine is an essential anionic phospholipid for surface amplification of(More)
Septic shock-induced disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) contributes to multiple organ failure. Mechanisms governing vascular responses to open occurrence of DIC have not yet been established. Circulating plasma microparticles (MPs), released upon cell stress, constitute a catalytic procoagulant surface and are surrogates of vascular cell(More)
In sepsis, inflammation and thrombosis are both the cause and the result of interactions between circulating (for example, leukocytes and platelets), endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Microparticles are proinflammatory and procoagulant fragments originating from plasma membrane generated after cellular activation and released in body fluids. In the(More)