Florence R Fischer

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Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a T helper 1 (Th1) cell mediated demyelinating disease and the principal animal model for multiple sclerosis. Spinal cords from SJL mice primed with proteolipid protein peptide 139-151 (pPLP) expressed the chemokines RANTES, MCP-1, MIP-2, KC, MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, Mig, and fractalkine. We also identified(More)
The rabbit model provides an important experimental setting for the evaluation of antibiotic agents against pneumococcal meningitis. One of the primary targets of this model is the study of neuronal and glial cell damage in bacterial meningitis. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate whether a significant increase of S100B in the cerebrospinal fluid(More)
The authors used transmission electron microscopy to examine the autonomic nerve plexus of the choroid, in Wistar albino rats with long-term streptozotocin diabetes. Axonal alterations included massive glycogen deposits, honeycomb arrangement of synaptic vesicles, and an accumulation of dense, lamellated, tubulovesicular and multivesicular bodies within the(More)
Parameters of inflammation during pneumococcal meningitis were determined in rabbits after monocyte elimination by dichloromethylene diphosphonate (Cl(2)MDP)-containing mannosylated liposomes in comparison with untreated controls. Monocyte depletion reduced the migration of white blood cells into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (medians: 42 versus 2146/mm3 at(More)
Recent observations have shown that CD1 molecules act as restriction elements in the presentation of antigens to specialized subsets of T cells. To examine the expression of CD1 molecules in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions, frozen sections of central nervous system (CNS) tissues from nine MS and three other neurological disease (OND) patients, one patient(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the effect of environmental enrichment on the sensorimotor function of rats with chronic spinal cord injuries. DESIGN Adult Sprague-Dawley rats received a contusive injury of moderate severity at vertebral level T8 using a weight-drop device. Three months after injury, 1 randomized group (n(More)
In pneumococcal meningitis inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) are produced in large quantities and play a major role in pathogenesis. It is not known exactly which cells produce these mediators during infection. We investigated the localisation of TNFalpha-mRNA in the central nervous system (CNS) by in situ hybridisation(More)
During the development of the brain, astrocytes acquire the ability to become reactive and form a scar. This change in the astrocytes occurs at approximately the same time that there is a decrease in the regenerative capacity of the CNS. Previous work from our laboratory had revealed that TAPA (Target of Anti-Proliferative Antibody, also known as CD81) is(More)
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