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BACKGROUND Little is known regarding juvenile disc degeneration in individuals with normal spinal alignment. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, determinants, and(More)
STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional population-based magnetic resonance imaging study of Schmorl nodes (SN) in the lumbar spine. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and potential determinants of SN,(More)
OBJECTIVE Schmorl's nodes (SN) are highly associated with lumbar disc degeneration (DD). However, SN present with different morphologies/topographies that may be associated with varying degrees of(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Modic changes (MC) are bone marrow lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), suggestive of being associated with low back pain (LBP). Data on determinants of MC and their(More)
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