Florence Malka

Learn More
Heteroplasmic mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are an important source of human diseases. The mechanisms governing transmission, segregation and complementation of heteroplasmic mtDNA-mutations are unknown but depend on the nature and dynamics of the mitochondrial compartment as well as on the intramitochondrial organization and mobility of mtDNA. We(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Human OPA1 (optic atrophy type 1) is a dynamin-related protein of the mitochondrial IMS (intermembrane space) involved in membrane fusion and remodelling. Similarly to its yeast orthologue Mgm1p that exists in two isoforms generated by the serine protease Pcp1p/Rbd1p, OPA1 exists in various isoforms generated by alternative splicing(More)
Enlarged or giant mitochondria have often been documented in aged tissues although their role and underlying mechanism remain unclear. We report here how highly elongated giant mitochondria are formed in and related to the senescent arrest. The mitochondrial morphology was progressively changed to a highly elongated form during deferoxamine (DFO)-induced(More)
Mitochondria are enveloped by two closely apposed boundary membranes with different properties and functions. It is known that they undergo fusion and fission, but it has remained unclear whether outer and inner membranes fuse simultaneously, coordinately or separately. We set up assays for the study of inner and outer membrane fusion in living human cells.(More)
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles with continuous fusion and fission, the equilibrium of which results in mitochondrial morphology. Evidence points to there being an intricate relationship between mitochondrial dynamics and oxidative phosphorylation. We investigated the bioenergetics modulation of mitochondrial morphology in five control cultured primary(More)
Eukaryotic cells contain numerous copies of the mitochondrial genome (from 50 to 100 copies in the budding yeast to some thousands in humans) that localize to numerous intramitochondrial nucleoprotein complexes called nucleoids. The transmission of mitochondrial DNA differs significantly from that of nuclear genomes and depends on the number, molecular(More)
Disulfiram has been used for decades to treat alcoholism. Its therapeutic effect is thought to be mediated by the irreversible inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase. Recent reports have indicated new therapeutic uses of disulfiram, in particular in human cancers. Although the biochemical mechanisms that underlie these effects remain largely unknown, certain(More)
Mitochondria are almost ubiquitous organelles in Eukaryota. They are highly dynamic and often complex structures in the cell. The mammalian mitochondrial proteome is predicted to comprise as many as 2000-2500 different proteins. Determination of the subcellular localization of any newly identified protein is one of the first steps toward unraveling its(More)
Mitochondria form a dynamic network in which continuous movement, fusion, and division ensure the distribution and exchange of proteins and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). The recent past has seen the identification and characterization of the first proteins governing the organization, function, and dynamics of mitochondria and mitochondrial DNA, and it is(More)
Mitochondria are essential organelles that are involved in numerous metabolic pathways and produce the major part of intracellular ATP by oxidative phosphorylation. Their ultrastructure was solved in the 1950s by electron microscopic analysis of ultrathin sections. Based on these pioneering studies and on the endosymbiotic origin of mitochondria, cells are(More)
  • 1