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OBJECTIVE Extracellular matrix deposition is tightly controlled by a network of regulatory cytokines. Among them, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) have been shown to play antagonistic roles in tissue homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of IL-1beta on TGFbeta receptor type II(More)
In osteoarthritis (OA), interleukin-1 (IL-1) stimulates the expression of metalloproteinases and aggrecanases, which induce cartilage degradation. IL-1 is also capable of reducing the production of cartilage-specific macromolecules, including type II collagen, through modulation of the transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3. Conversely, Transforming growth(More)
Suppression of a dnaA46 mutation by integration of plasmid R100.1 derivatives in the termination region of chromosome replication in E. coli results in medium dependence, the suppressed bacteria being sensitive to rich medium at 42° C. Derivatives of such bacteria have been selected for growth at 42° C in rich medium and we have analyzed representatives of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of rhein on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, -3, 13) and ADAMTs 4, 5 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type-I repeat)/aggrecanases-1, -2 in interleukin-1-stimulated bovine articular chondrocytes, and to investigate the signalling pathways involved in the effects of the drug on gene(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of avian chondroitin sulfate (CS) on interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced expression of genes related to catabolic, anabolic and inflammatory aspects in chondrocytes cultured in hypoxic alginate beads. DESIGN Articular chondrocytes from bovine metacarpal joint were isolated and cultured in alginate beads, using low oxygen(More)
Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) factors are cytoplasmic proteins that can be activated by Janus kinases (JAK) and that modulate gene expression in response to cytokine receptor stimulation. STAT proteins dimerize, translocate into the nucleus, and activate specific target genes. In the present study, we show for the first time that(More)
Type II collagen is composed of alpha1(II) chains encoded by the COL2A1 gene. Alteration of this cartilage marker is a common feature of osteoarthritis. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that needs a soluble form of receptor called sIL-6R to exert its effects in some cellular models. In that case, sIL-6R exerts agonistic action. This(More)
Since the emergence in the 1990s of the autologous chondrocytes transplantation (ACT) in the treatment of cartilage defects, the technique, corresponding initially to implantation of chondrocytes, previously isolated and amplified in vitro, under a periosteal membrane, has greatly evolved. Indeed, the first generations of ACT showed their limits, with in(More)
OBJECTIVE . To determine the effects of selenomethionine (Se-met) and epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCg) on gene expression, activation of mitogen-activating kinases, and DNA binding of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and apolipoprotein-1 (AP-1) in articular chondrocytes. METHODS Chondrocytes, cultured in low-oxygen tension, were pretreated with(More)
BACKGROUND Articular cartilage defects are a veritable therapeutic problem because therapeutic options are very scarce. Due to the poor self-regeneration capacity of cartilage, minor cartilage defects often lead to osteoarthritis. Several surgical strategies have been developed to repair damaged cartilage. Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) gives(More)