Florence Lefèvre

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Growing interest is turned to fat storage levels and allocation within body compartments, due to their impact on human health and quality properties of farm animals. Energy intake and genetic background are major determinants of fattening in most animals, including humans. Previous studies have evidenced that fat deposition depends upon balance between(More)
The effect of two different preslaughter procedures (limited or 15-min intense muscular activity) on muscle trout proteins was investigated. Muscle was sampled 45 min and 24 h post-mortem, proteins were separated using two-dimensional electrophoresis, and spots of interest were tentatively identified by MALDI-TOF spectrometry. Twenty-nine and 4 spots were(More)
Lipids are the predominant source of energy for fish and are stored in fat depots in different parts of the body regions. This review focuses on visceral, subcutaneous and intramuscular adipose tissues that interfere with carcass and fillet yields and with flesh quality. The morphological, cellular and biochemical characteristics of these tissues are(More)
Energy intake and genetic background are major determinants of muscle fat content in most animals, including man. We combined genetic selection and dietary energy supply to study the metabolic pathways involved in genetic and nutritional control of fat deposition in the muscle of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Two experimental lines of rainbow trout,(More)
The trunk muscle in fish is organized as longitudinal series of myomeres which are separated by sheets of connective tissue called myoseptum to which myofibers attach. In this study we show in the trout that the myoseptum separating two somites is initially acellular and composed of matricial components such as fibronectin, laminin and collagen I. However,(More)
Thermal denaturation and aggregation abilities of salmon myofibrils and myosin were studied measuring turbidity, intrinsic fluorescence, 8-anilino-1-naphthalene sulfonic acid binding, and 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide cross-linking. The thermal behaviors of protein preparation from white and red muscles were compared, and the relationship(More)
In rainbow trout, subcutaneous (in dorsal and ventral positions) and visceral fat deposits are known to influence the yield of edible flesh, whilst their respective roles in metabolism, storage and release of fatty acids have not, so far, been directly studied. The present work aimed to identify, by using 2D electrophoresis, proteins differentially(More)
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