Florence Keller

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The ability of a neuronal surface glycoprotein to mediate the formation of neuronal connections was tested in an explant culture system. A monoclonal antibody against the limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP) was used in co-cultures containing cholinergic neurons of the septum and their hippocampal target neurons. Antibody treatment had no effect(More)
Organotypic cultures of histaminergic tuberomammillary (TM) neurons were grown using explants obtained from newborn rats. The cultures were examined after immunohistochemical localization of the histamine synthetic enzyme, L-histidine decarboxylase (HDC). The morphological properties of the somata, dendrites and axons of HDC-immunoreactive TM neurons in(More)
Brain injury increases the synthesis of many growth and trophic factors. We have measured nerve growth factor (NGF) content in brain of adult rats with bilateral carotid artery occlusion exposed to 7% O2. Five days after hypoxia the NGF content was increased in neostriatum, hippocampus and cerebral neocortex, areas exhibiting focal neuronal degeneration and(More)
Choline acetyltransferase (CAT) activity in the hippocampus originates almost exclusively in axons from neurons located in the medial septum. In the rat, the development of CAT in the hippocampus takes place during the first 3 weeks after birth. The development of CAT was studied in organotypic cultures of fetal rat septum and early postnatal rat(More)
Background: Disinhibition of neurons in the superficial spinal dorsal horn, via microglia – neuron signaling leading to disruption of chloride homeostasis, is a potential cellular substrate for neuropathic pain. But, a central unresolved question is whether this disinhibition can transform the activity and responses of spinal nociceptive output neurons to(More)
The postnatal development of the hippocampus of the inbred mice strains BALB/c, C57BL/6, and DBA/2 was studied in organotypic explant cultures using the roller-tube technique. In vivo, mice exhibit strain-specific mossy fiber distribution patterns. As a main result we found, that after cultivation of 3-4 weeks, similar strain-specific patterns became(More)
ChAT and AChE activity in the hippocampus originate primarily in axons from cholinergic neurons located in the medial septum. The development of cholinergic projections in organotypic explant cultures of rat septum, hippocampus, cerebellum and habenula was studied using AChE histochemistry and biochemical ChAT and AChE determinations. Hippocampal and(More)
The influence of the excitotoxin kainic acid (KA) on cultivated explants of rat hippocampus was investigated. Addition of 3 microM KA to the culture medium over 24-48 h induced a destruction of the pyramidal cells in the CA3 region, whereas the CA1 pyramidal cells and the granule cells were left undamaged. Higher concentrations (10-100 microM) of KA(More)
In the present study we have examined the topographic and temporal patterns of expression of the limbic system associated membrane protein by light and electron microscopic immunocytochemistry in organotypic cultures of the rat brain. The regional, cellular and subcellular distribution of staining in young cultures was similar to that in the intact brain of(More)
Hippocampal slices were taken from 7-day-old rats and maintained in vitro for 1-3 weeks. The organization of intrahippocampal connections in these explants was studied by placing onto the tissue small crystals of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) soaked with the detergent Nonidet. Antero- and retrograde transport of HRP was visualized by diaminobenzidine. The(More)