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Several functions were used to model the fixed part of the lactation curve and genetic parameters of milk test-day records to estimate using French Holstein data. Parametric curves (Legendre polynomials, Ali-Schaeffer curve, Wilmink curve), fixed classes curves (5-d classes), and regression splines were tested. The latter were appealing because they(More)
The recent settlement of cattle in West Africa after several waves of migration from remote centres of domestication has imposed dramatic changes in their environmental conditions, in particular through exposure to new pathogens. West African cattle populations thus represent an appealing model to unravel the genome response to adaptation to tropical(More)
During the last 3 years, a number of approaches for the normalization of RNA sequencing data have emerged in the literature, differing both in the type of bias adjustment and in the statistical strategy adopted. However, as data continue to accumulate, there has been no clear consensus on the appropriate normalization method to be used or the impact of a(More)
Gene regulatory networks refer to the interactions that occur among genes and other cellular products. The topology of these networks can be inferred from measurements of changes in gene expression over time. However, because the measurement device (i.e., microarrays) typically yields information on thousands of genes over few biological replicates, these(More)
Several studies with test-day models for the lactation curve show heterogeneity of residual variance over time. The most common approach is to divide the lactation length into subclasses, assuming homogeneity within these classes and heterogeneity between them. The main drawbacks of this approach are that it can lead to many parameters being estimated and(More)
The objective of the research was to estimate genetic parameters, such as heritabilities and genetic correlations, using daily test day data for milk yield (MY), milking speed (MS), dry matter intake (DMI), and body weight (BW) using random regression methodology. Data were from first lactation dairy cows (n = 320) from the Chamau research farm of the Swiss(More)
Mammalians gamete production takes place in the testis but when they exit this organ, although spermatozoa have acquired a specialized and distinct morphology, they are immotile and infertile. It is only after their travel in the epididymis that sperm gain their motility and fertility. Epididymis is a crescent shaped organ adjacent to the testis that can be(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in Mammals is one of the most gene dense regions of the genome and contains the polymorphic histocompatibility gene families known to be involved in pathogen response and control of auto-immunity. The MHC is a complex genetic system that provides an interesting model system to study genome expression regulation and(More)
The genetic analysis of characters that are best considered as functions of some independent and continuous variable, such as age, can be a complicated matter, and a simple and efficient procedure is desirable. Three methods are common in the literature: random regression, orthogonal polynomial approximation, and character process models. The goals of this(More)
Application of test-day models for the genetic evaluation of dairy populations requires the solution of large mixed model equations. The size of the (co)variance matrices required with such models can be reduced through the use of its first eigenvectors. Here, the first two eigenvectors of (co)variance matrices estimated for dairy traits in first lactation(More)