Learn More
During the last 3 years, a number of approaches for the normalization of RNA sequencing data have emerged in the literature, differing both in the type of bias adjustment and in the statistical strategy adopted. However, as data continue to accumulate, there has been no clear consensus on the appropriate normalization method to be used or the impact of a(More)
BACKGROUND The recent settlement of cattle in West Africa after several waves of migration from remote centres of domestication has imposed dramatic changes in their environmental conditions, in particular through exposure to new pathogens. West African cattle populations thus represent an appealing model to unravel the genome response to adaptation to(More)
Gene regulatory networks are collections of genes that interact with one other and with other substances in the cell. By measuring gene expression over time using high-throughput technologies, it may be possible to reverse engineer, or infer, the structure of the gene network involved in a particular cellular process. These gene expression data typically(More)
BACKGROUND Mammalians gamete production takes place in the testis but when they exit this organ, although spermatozoa have acquired a specialized and distinct morphology, they are immotile and infertile. It is only after their travel in the epididymis that sperm gain their motility and fertility. Epididymis is a crescent shaped organ adjacent to the testis(More)
The genetic analysis of characters that are best considered as functions of some independent and continuous variable, such as age, can be a complicated matter, and a simple and efficient procedure is desirable. Three methods are common in the literature: random regression, orthogonal polynomial approximation, and character process models. The goals of this(More)
Several functions were used to model the fixed part of the lactation curve and genetic parameters of milk test-day records to estimate using French Holstein data. Parametric curves (Legendre polynomials, Ali-Schaeffer curve, Wilmink curve), fixed classes curves (5-d classes), and regression splines were tested. The latter were appealing because they(More)
Nonlinear mixed effects models are now widely used in biometrical studies, especially in pharmacokinetic research or for the analysis of growth traits for agricultural and laboratory species. Most of these studies, however, are often based on ML estimation procedures, which are known to be biased downwards. A few REML extensions have been proposed, but only(More)
Generalized linear mixed models (GLMM) form a very general class of random effects models for discrete and continuous responses in the exponential family. They are useful in a variety of applications. The traditional likelihood approach for GLMM usually involves high dimensional integrations which are computationally intensive. In this work, we investigate(More)
A longitudinal approach is proposed to map QTL affecting function-valued traits and to estimate their effect over time. The method is based on fitting mixed random regression models. The QTL allelic effects are modelled with random coefficient parametric curves and using a gametic relationship matrix. A simulation study was conducted in order to assess the(More)
Dairy cattle breeds have been subjected over the last fifty years to intense artificial selection towards improvement of milk production traits. In this study, we performed a whole genome scan for differentiation using 42,486 SNPs in the three major French dairy cattle breeds (Holstein, Normande and Montbéliarde) to identify the main physiological pathways(More)