Florence Horn

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Recent developments in G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) structural biology and pharmacology have greatly enhanced our knowledge of receptor structure-function relations, and have helped improve the scientific foundation for drug design studies. The GPCR database, GPCRdb, serves a dual role in disseminating and enabling new scientific developments by(More)
MOTIVATION The amount of genomic and proteomic data that is published daily in the scientific literature is outstripping the ability of experimental scientists to stay current. Reviews, the traditional medium for collating published observations, are also unable to keep pace. For some specific classes of information (e.g. sequences and protein structures),(More)
Protein point mutations are an essential component of the evolutionary and experimental analysis of protein structure and function. While many manually curated databases attempt to index point mutations, most experimentally generated point mutations and the biological impacts of the changes are described in the peer-reviewed published literature. We(More)
The protein tyrosine kinases JAK1, JAK2 and Tyk2 and STATs (signal transducers and activators of transcription) 1 and 3 are activated in response to interleukin-6 (IL-6) in human fibrosarcoma cells. In mutant cells lacking JAK1, JAK2 or Tyk2, the absence of one kinase does not prevent activation of the others; activation does not, therefore, involve a(More)
The amount of genomic and proteomic data that is entered each day into databases and the experimental literature is outstripping the ability of experimental scientists to keep pace. While generic databases derived from automated curation efforts are useful, most biological scientists tend to focus on a class or family of molecules and their biological(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is known to be a major mediator of the acute-phase response in liver. We show here that IL-6 triggers the rapid activation of a nuclear factor, termed acute-phase response factor (APRF), both in rat liver in vivo and in human hepatoma (HepG2) cells in vitro. APRF bound to IL-6 response elements in the 5'-flanking regions of various(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) induce a partially overlapping set of genes, including the genes for interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and the acute-phase protein alpha 2-macroglobulin. We report here that the rat alpha 2-macroglobulin promoter is activated by IFN-gamma in human(More)
alpha1-Antichymotrypsin (ACT) is an acute phase protein expressed in the brain which specifically colocalizes with amyloid-beta during Alzheimer's disease. We analyzed ACT synthesis in cultured human cortical astrocytes in response to various cytokines and growth factors. Oncostatin M (OSM) and interleukin (IL)-1beta were potent stimulators of ACT mRNA(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and gamma-interferon (IFNgamma) activate an overlapping set of genes via the Jak/STAT pathway. However, at least in human cells, a differential activation of STAT transcription factors was observed: IL-6 activates both acute phase response factor (APRF)/STAT3 and STAT1, whereas IFNgamma leads only to STAT1 activation. All STATs cloned(More)
Steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) is an orphan nuclear receptor with no known ligand. We showed previously that phosphorylation at serine 203 located N'-terminal to the ligand binding domain (LBD) enhanced cofactor recruitment, analogous to the ligand-mediated recruitment in ligand-dependent receptors. In this study, results of biochemical analyses and an LBD(More)