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Recent developments in G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) structural biology and pharmacology have greatly enhanced our knowledge of receptor structure-function relations, and have helped improve the scientific foundation for drug design studies. The GPCR database, GPCRdb, serves a dual role in disseminating and enabling new scientific developments by(More)
The amount of genomic and proteomic data that is entered each day into databases and the experimental literature is outstripping the ability of experimental scientists to keep pace. While generic databases derived from automated curation efforts are useful, most biological scientists tend to focus on a class or family of molecules and their biological(More)
The protein tyrosine kinases JAK1, JAK2 and Tyk2 and STATs (signal transducers and activators of transcription) 1 and 3 are activated in response to interleukin-6 (IL-6) in human fibrosarcoma cells. In mutant cells lacking JAK1, JAK2 or Tyk2, the absence of one kinase does not prevent activation of the others; activation does not, therefore, involve a(More)
alpha1-Antichymotrypsin (ACT) is an acute phase protein expressed in the brain which specifically colocalizes with amyloid-beta during Alzheimer's disease. We analyzed ACT synthesis in cultured human cortical astrocytes in response to various cytokines and growth factors. Oncostatin M (OSM) and interleukin (IL)-1beta were potent stimulators of ACT mRNA(More)
The flavonoid quercetin is a potent inhibitor of calcium- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (Ca, PL-PK) activity from mouse brain. Half-maximal inhibition of the kinase occurs at about 10 microM. If the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) is used instead of calcium as a stimulating factor of the kinase enzyme activity is still(More)
LAP/C/EBPbeta is a member of the C/EBP family of transcription factors and contributes to the regulation of the acute phase response in hepatocytes. Here we show that IL-6 controls LAP/C/EBPbeta gene transcription and identify an IL-6 responsive element in the LAP/C/EBPbeta promoter, which contains no STAT3 DNA binding motif. However, luciferase reporter(More)
Protein point mutations are an essential component of the evolutionary and experimental analysis of protein structure and function. While many manually curated databases attempt to index point mutations, most experimentally generated point mutations and the biological impacts of the changes are described in the peer-reviewed published literature. We(More)
Addition of phorbol ester-activated, partially purified protein kinase C to membranes of human platelets had no effect on forskolin stimulation of the adenylate cyclase and increased stimulation by prostaglandin E1 only at high GTP concentrations by preventing inhibition by GTP. Hormonal inhibition of the platelet adenylate cyclase by epinephrine was(More)
Calcium- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (Ca, PL-PK) activity is detectable in mouse epidermis cytosol. It can be stimulated in vitro by complete and incomplete tumor promoters (12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and 12-0-retinoylphorbol-13-acetate (RPA], respectively. Effective inhibition of the enzyme activity is achieved with quercetin(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and gamma-interferon (IFNgamma) activate an overlapping set of genes via the Jak/STAT pathway. However, at least in human cells, a differential activation of STAT transcription factors was observed: IL-6 activates both acute phase response factor (APRF)/STAT3 and STAT1, whereas IFNgamma leads only to STAT1 activation. All STATs cloned(More)