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In budding yeast, the nuclear periphery forms a subcompartment in which telomeres cluster and SIR proteins concentrate. To identify the proteins that mediate chromatin anchorage to the nuclear envelope, candidates were fused to LexA and targeted to an internal GFP-tagged chromosomal locus. Their ability to shift the locus from a random to a peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND The positioning of chromosomal domains within interphase nuclei is thought to facilitate transcriptional repression in yeast. Although this is particularly well characterized for telomeres, the molecular basis of their specific subnuclear organization is poorly understood. The use of live fluorescence imaging overcomes limitations of in situ(More)
We present a new, robust, computational procedure for tracking fluorescent markers in time-lapse microscopy. The algorithm is optimized for finding the time-trajectory of single particles in very noisy dynamic (two- or three-dimensional) image sequences. It proceeds in three steps. First, the images are aligned to compensate for the movement of the(More)
Recent findings suggest important roles for nuclear organization in gene expression. In contrast, little is known about how nuclear organization contributes to genome stability. Epistasis analysis (E-MAP) using DNA repair factors in yeast indicated a functional relationship between a nuclear pore subcomplex and Slx5/Slx8, a small ubiquitin-like modifier(More)
The positioning of chromosomal domains in interphase nuclei is thought to facilitate transcriptional repression in yeast. It has been reported that two large coiled-coil proteins of the nuclear envelope, myosin-like proteins 1 and 2, play direct roles in anchoring yeast telomeres to the nuclear periphery, thereby creating a subcompartment enriched for Sir(More)
Eukaryotic genomes are distributed on linear chromosomes that are grouped together in the nucleus, an organelle separated from the cytoplasm by a characteristic double membrane studded with large proteinaceous pores. The chromatin within chromosomes has an as yet poorly characterized higher-order structure, but in addition to this, chromosomes and specific(More)
The organization of the nucleus into subcompartments creates microenvironments that are thought to facilitate distinct nuclear functions. In budding yeast, regions of silent chromatin, such as those at telomeres and mating-type loci, cluster at the nuclear envelope creating zones that favour gene repression. Other reports indicate that gene transcription(More)
The name heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) suggests that this small nuclear factor plays a role in forming heterochromatic domains. It was noticed years ago, however, that the distribution of HP1 on polytene chromosomes was not restricted to chromocenters or telomeres. HP1 was also found, reproducibly, along the euchromatic arms. A possible function in(More)
Double-strand breaks (DSB) in yeast lead to the formation of repair foci and induce a checkpoint response that requires both the ATR-related kinase Mec1 and its target, Rad53. By combining high-resolution confocal microscopy and chromatin-immunoprecipitation assays, we analysed the genetic requirements for and the kinetics of Mec1 recruitment to an(More)
Yeast telomeres are anchored at the nuclear envelope (NE) through redundant pathways that require the telomere-binding factors yKu and Sir4. Significant variation is observed in the efficiency with which different telomeres are anchored, however, suggesting that other forces influence this interaction. Here, we show that subtelomeric elements and the(More)