Florence Demay

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Processes that regulate gene transcription are directly under the influence of the genome organization. The epigenome contains additional information that is not brought by DNA sequence, and generates spatial and functional constraints that complement genetic instructions. DNA methylation on CpGs constitutes an epigenetic mark generally correlated with(More)
Transcription factors (TFs) bind specifically to discrete regions of mammalian genomes called cis-regulatory elements. Among those are enhancers, which play key roles in regulation of gene expression during development and differentiation. Despite the recognized central regulatory role exerted by chromatin in control of TF functions, much remains to be(More)
The presence of multiple monomeric forms has been described for the estrogen receptor (ER) in the pituitary gland. We analyzed ER mRNA forms in male and female rat pituitary. A single 6.2-kb ER mRNA species was detected in the male rat pituitary, whereas the female rat pituitary exhibited two ER mRNA forms of 6.2 and 5.5 kb, respectively. The 6.2-kb mRNA(More)
In the rat pituitary gland the mechanism responsible for ERalpha regulation has not been fully elucidated. Using transient transfection assays in alphaT3-1 cells, a cell line of gonadotrope origin, we show that GnRH stimulates estrogen response element-containing promoters in an estrogen-independent manner. This effect was strictly ER and GnRH receptor(More)
We have previously described the production and purification of a murine single-chain, soluble recombinant major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecule (SC-Kd). A similar strategy was devised to produce a recombinant HLA-A2.1 (SC-A2) molecule. The latter was composed of the first three domains of the HLA-A2.1 heavy chain connected to human beta(More)
Transcriptional activation of silent genes can require the erasure of epigenetic marks such as DNA methylation at CpGs (cytosine-guanine dinucleotide). Active demethylation events have been observed, and associated processes are repeatedly suspected to involve DNA glycosylases such as mCpG binding domain protein 4, thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG), Demeter,(More)
In addition to soluble factors, mechanical constraints and extracellular matrix stiffness are important regulators of cell fate that are mediated by cytoskeletal modifications. The EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) that occurs during normal development and malignant progression is a typical example of the phenotypic switch associated with profound(More)
v-ErbA, a mutated thyroid hormone receptor alpha (TRalpha), is thought to contribute to avian erythroblastosis virus (AEV)-induced leukemic transformation by constitutively repressing transcription of target genes. However, the binding of v-ErbA or any unliganded nuclear receptor to a chromatin-embedded response element as well as the role of the(More)
A hallmark of living systems is the management and the storage of information through genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. Although the notion of epigenetics was originally given to any regulation beyond DNA sequence, it has often been restricted to chromatin modifications, supposed to behave as cis-markers, specifying the sets of genes to be expressed or(More)
T-box transcription factors play a crucial role in development where they are implicated in patterning and cell fate decisions. Tbx2 and Tbx3 have also been implicated in several cancers including melanoma, and can act as antisenescence factors through their ability to repress p19(ARF) and p21(CIP1) expression. Although several target genes for T-box(More)