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Recent studies have suggested a close relationship between CD4(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) and proinflammatory IL-17-producing T helper cells (T(H)17) expressing the lineage-specific transcription factor RORgamma t. We report here the unexpected finding that human memory Tregs secrete IL-17 ex vivo and constitutively express RORgamma t.(More)
One of the main features of the immune response to M. Tuberculosis is the formation of an organized structure called granuloma. It consists mainly in the recruitment at the infectious stage of macrophages, highly differentiated cells such as multinucleated giant cells, epithelioid cells and Foamy cells, all these cells being surrounded by a rim of(More)
Natural CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) and interleukin 17 (IL-17)-producing T helper cells (T(H)17) carry out opposite functions, the former maintaining self-tolerance and the latter being involved in inflammation and autoimmunity. We report here that stimulation of human Natural Treg under T(H)17 polarizing conditions in the presence of IL-2(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a highly inflammatory malignancy, characterized by the presence, at the tumor site, of regulatory T cells (Treg) that suppress antitumor immunity. Recently, a new lineage of CD4+ T cells producing the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-17 [T helper (TH) 17] has been identified as a major player in some autoimmune(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the overall immune response to pathogens in brain-injured patients, and assessed its relationship to nosocomial pneumonia. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING Two surgical ICUs of a single institution. PATIENTS Severe brain-injured patients (n = 32) requiring mechanical ventilation and sex- and age-matched healthy donors (n =(More)
Recent studies suggest that gammadelta T cells are innate IL-17 producers owing to unique features of their developmental program. A key contribution of this subset to T helper 17 responses has been also suggested by numerous physiopathological studies mainly performed in mouse models. In the present review, we will summarize the main features of(More)
BACKGROUND The balance between human innate immune system and Candida albicans virulence signaling mechanisms ultimately dictates the outcome of fungal invasiveness and its pathology. To better understand the pathophysiology and to identify fungal virulence-associated factors in the context of persistence in humans, complex models are indispensable.(More)
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