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Dendritic cells (DCs) facilitate HIV-1 spread in the host by capturing virions and transferring them to permissive lymphocytes in lymphoid organs. Lectins such as DC-specific ICAM-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) are involved in HIV-1 uptake by DCs, through high-affinity binding to viral envelope glycoproteins. We examined the role of DC-SIGN on the fate of(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Nef protein alters the post-Golgi stages of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) biogenesis. Presumed mechanisms involve the disclosure of a cryptic tyrosine-based sorting signal (YSQA) located in the cytoplasmic tail of HLA-A and -B heavy chains. We changed this signal for a prototypic sorting motif (YSQI(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are thought to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of HIV-1 infection. DCs are believed to transport virus particles to lymph nodes before transfer to CD4(+) lymphocytes. We have investigated the role of Nef in these processes. HIV-1 replication was examined in human immature DC-lymphocyte cocultures and in DCs or lymphocytes(More)
In the USA and West Europe, nearly 80% of HIV-1-infected adults, experiencing virologic failure, harbored virus strain resistant to at least one antiretroviral drug. Limited data are available on antiretroviral drug resistance in pediatric HIV infection. The aims of this study were to analyze prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance and to identify risk factors(More)
CD8+ T cells may play a beneficial role in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients by two mechanisms. HIV-specific cytotoxic activity and secretion of a soluble mediator(s) that inhibits HIV replication in vitro. Here we characterized both activities mediated by an HIV p24gag-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) CD8+ clone derived from an(More)
A previous study showed that, during the first year of life, the presence of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children is associated with a lack of rapid progression to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The goal of the study was to address the role of CTLs in children who survived after age 5 years. Memory(More)
The CCR5 gene encodes one of the major human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) coreceptors. A 32-bp deletion in this gene (delta ccr5) is associated with relative resistance to disease progression in heterozygous HIV-1-infected persons. The effect of this mutation on virologic and immunologic parameters was determined in a cohort of 45 perinatally(More)
Dendritic cells and macrophages can process extracellular antigens for presentation by MHC-I molecules. This exogenous pathway may have a crucial role in the activation of CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes during human viral infections. We show here that HIV-1 epitopes derived from incoming virions are presented through the exogenous MHC-I pathway in primary(More)
HLA-A*02 tetramers complexed to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Gag SLYNTVATL and HIV Pol ILKEPVHGV peptides were used to characterize HLA class I-restricted CD8(+) T cells in 41 HIV-infected children. The frequencies and the phenotype of specific circulating CD8(+) T cells were determined in whole-blood samples by means of cytometric analysis.(More)