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BACKGROUND An embryo's ability to grow and implant can be improved by selection of a normal spermatozoon with a vacuole-free head. However, large vacuoles in spermatozoa have yet to be fully characterized. The present study aimed to determine whether these vacuoles are of nuclear, membrane and/or acrosomal origin. METHODS We studied 15 infertile patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Obtaining an adequate number of high-quality oocytes is a major challenge in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). To date, a range of hormonal and clinical parameters have been used to optimize COH but none have significant predictive value. This variability could be due to the genetic predispositions of single-nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the seminal levels of the Sertoli anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and inhibin B in the testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in nonobstructive azoospermia. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Reproductive biology division in a university hospital. PATIENT(S) One hundred thirty-nine men. INTERVENTION(S) Men were classified on the basis(More)
STUDY QUESTION Do DPY19L2 heterozygous deletions and point mutations account for some cases of globozoospermia? SUMMARY ANSWER Two DPY19L2 heterozygous deletions and three point mutations were identified, thus further confirming that genetic alterations of the DPY19L2 gene are the main cause of globozoospermia and indicating that DPY19L2 molecular(More)
Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) involves the use of differential interference contrast microscopy at high magnification (at least ·6300) to improve the observation of live human spermatozoa (particularly by showing sperm head vacuoles that are not necessarily seen at lower magnifications) prior to intracytoplasmic sperm(More)
We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and hormonal profiles, sperm extraction outcomes and testicular histology parameters in 120 azoospermic men with normal serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level. Microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA) and testicular sperm extraction (TESE) were performed in 33 and 87 cases, respectively. Sperm were(More)
Even though cryopreservation of human spermatozoa is known to alter sperm motility and viability, it may also induce nuclear damages. The present study set out to determine whether or not cryopreservation alters motile sperm morphology under high magnification and/or is associated with chromatin decondensation. For 25 infertile men, we used(More)
BACKGROUND In non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA), testicular sperm extraction (TESE) is successful in ≈ 50% of cases. A parameter for predicting TESE quality and pregnancy rates after ICSI of testicular spermatozoa is still lacking. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated the total testicular volume (TTV), hormone levels and TESE quality in 280 patients with(More)
According to numerous assisted reproductive medicine practitioners, semen with normal characteristics might not require further investigation. However, on the scale of the individual spermatozoon, it is well known that normal morphology does not guarantee optimal nuclear quality. Here, for 20 patients with normal sperm characteristics and a high proportion(More)
Recent studies have underlined the impact of obesity on sperm parameters, but very few data are available on the effect of weight loss on male fertility. This article reports the case series of three male patients who underwent rapid and major weight loss following bariatric surgery and the consequences of this surgery on semen parameters and fertility. A(More)