Florence Boillot

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate how the extreme poverty of the patients and the poor salaries of the staff combined to increase the cost of treatment to patients within the subsidised national tuberculosis programme in Sierra Leone. DESIGN/SETTING From September to December of 1994, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 72 patients and 17 staff of the(More)
Xpert ® MTB/RIF offers new and important possibilities for the diagnosis of sputum smear-negative tuberculosis (TB) and/or rifampicin (RMP) resistance, and many are encouraging rapid and widespread implementation. This simple test can be implemented almost everywhere, and it provides results within a few hours. In low-income countries (LICs), however, its(More)
SETTING Benin, where 20 of 54 tuberculosis (TB) clinics caring for 80% of all TB patients began providing integrated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care in 2005. OBJECTIVE To describe the characteristics and TB treatment outcomes of the first cohorts of TB-HIV patients, and to assess programmatic outcomes. METHODS Retrospective cohort study using(More)
Most existing systems developed for traffic light control either consider a single objective or use a simple weighted sum to aggregate objectives. Three criteria are aggregated using an alternative way. The first two criteria refer to total delay dealing with two types of users with conflicting preferences: private vehicles and public transport vehicles.(More)
In this paper, we consider the problem of adaptive traffic control on single junctions with the three following objectives to be minimized: the total waiting time and the number of stops for private vehicles, and a public transport criterion. This problem being modeled as a multi-objective mixed integer linear program, we provide an interactive system based(More)
This paper proposes an original definition of the exposure to lateral collision in signalized intersections and discusses the results of a real world experiment. This exposure is defined as the duration of situations where the stream that is given the right-of-way goes through the conflict zone while road users are waiting in the cross-traffic approach.(More)
Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) is recognised as an important component of collaborative tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activities to reduce the burden of TB in people living with HIV (PLHIV). However, there has been little in the way of IPT implementation at country level. This failure has resulted in a recent call to arms(More)
BACKGROUND Rare congenital dislocation of hip (CDH) (0.03 for 1,000 births) are irreducible at birth; they are named teratologic in literature. However some of them are isolated without any pathological context, having a postural origin or due to an underlying disease. PATIENTS Seventeen dislocated hips, irreducible at birth, were seen in 12 infants and(More)
The authors expose a retrospective study about 133 nervous contingents treated exclusivement by steroid-therapy. The objective is to study the influence on nerve-function recovery of the following parameters: clinic form, function (sensitive or motor) of the nerve, position of the nerve (ulnar, median...), nature of the antibiotherapy. The method is based(More)