Florence A. Scholl

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The calcium-binding protein S100A2 is expressed in normal breast tissue but downregulated during breast cancer progression. Hence it was previously identified as a candidate tumor suppressor gene. In this report, we investigated the molecular basis of S100A2 gene expression in normal and tumorigenic human breast epithelial cells. We cloned the gene coding(More)
A subtractive cloning procedure was used to characterize the molecular changes involved in transformation of normal myoblasts to rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) cells. Here we describe the cloning of DRAL, a novel LIM-domain protein expressed in primary myoblasts but down-regulated in the RMS cell line RD. DRAL is a LIM-only protein with five LIM domains whereby one(More)
The p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade includes Ras, Raf, Mek, and Erk MAPK. To determine the effect of a full knockout at a single level of this signaling pathway in mammals, and to investigate functional redundancy between Mek1 and Mek2, we disrupted these genes in murine and human epidermis. Loss of either protein alone produced no(More)
Erk1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are often hyperactivated in human cancers, where they affect multiple processes, including proliferation. However, the effects of Erk1/2 loss in normal epithelial tissue, the setting of most extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk)-associated neoplasms, are unknown. In epidermis, loss of Erk1 or Erk2(More)
Deregulated expression of the transcription factor PAX3 was observed previously in several tumors like rhabdomyosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma. Because PAX3 expression is also found in pluripotent neural crest cells, we investigated whether melanomas, tumors derived mostly from cutaneous intraepidermal melanocytes, might show deregulated PAX3 expression. Using(More)
DRAL is a four and a half LIM domain protein identified because of its differential expression between normal human myoblasts and the malignant counterparts, rhabdomyosarcoma cells. In the current study, we demonstrate that transcription of the DRAL gene can be stimulated by p53, since transient expression of functional p53 in rhabdomyosarcoma cells as well(More)
To elucidate mechanisms of cancer progression, we generated inducible human neoplasia in three-dimensionally intact epithelial tissue. Gene expression profiling of both epithelia and stroma at specific time points during tumor progression revealed sequential enrichment of genes mediating discrete biologic functions in each tissue compartment. A core cancer(More)
Cell transformation is often a result of constitutive activation of genes in signaling pathways that regulate cell proliferation and differentiation. Indeed, the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway is constitutively activated in a large number of cancers. The extent to which a single-gene mutation can alter cell fate,(More)
Using a subtractive hybridization method, we have cloned 48 cDNAs which are expressed in human primary myoblasts but down-regulated in the embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) cell line RD. Twenty-nine sequences could be identified as coding for previously known gene products, while 19 encode unknown proteins. Twelve clones coding for known proteins that were(More)
The influence of cell-substrata interactions on the preservation of basal or in-vivo-induced microsomal cytochrome P-450 isoenzyme contents in cultured rat hepatocytes and on the adaptive responses after exposure to phenobarbital or 3-methylcholanthrene in vitro, was investigated. Hepatocytes from untreated or phenobarbital-treated rats were cultured in(More)