Flora Zavala

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The effects of fluid percussion trauma on brain interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels have been studied. In the cortex and hippocampus of control and sham-operated rats, the levels of these cytokines were very low (below 4 units/mg protein) and constant. IL-6 and IL-1 levels in the ipsilateral cortex increased rapidly(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is a mediator of inflammation and cellular immune response. Soluble TNF receptors (sTNFR) sTNF-R55 and sTNF-R75, which compete with cellular receptors for the binding of TNF, have been detected at high levels in infectious diseases including human immunodeficiency virus and HBV infection. In order to(More)
Accumulating evidence that granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), the key hematopoietic growth factor of the myeloid lineage, not only represents a major component of the endogenous response to infections, but also affects adaptive immune responses, prompted us to investigate the therapeutic potential of G-CSF in autoimmune type 1 diabetes.(More)
Converging evidence that G-CSF, the hemopoietic growth factor of the myeloid lineage, also exerts anti-inflammatory and pro-Th2 effects, prompted us to evaluate its direct therapeutic potential in autoimmune diseases. Here we report a novel activity of G-CSF in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis, a murine model for multiple sclerosis, driven by(More)
Triakontatetraneuropeptide (TTN) is the major processing product of the endogenous anxiogenic peptide ligand of the benzodiazepine receptor, diazepam binding inhibitor. In the present study, we demonstrated by Northern blot analysis that the mRNA levels for tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL)-1 beta, granulocyte/macrophage(More)
Infiltration of inflammatory cells into pancreatic islets of Langerhans and selective destruction of insulin-secreting beta-cells are characteristics of type 1 diabetes. Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is a mitochondrial protein expressed in immune cells. UCP2 controls macrophage activation by modulating the production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species(More)
Experimental and clinical studies suggest that the central and peripheral benzodiazepine (BDZ) receptors together with their ligands form the molecular basis of a novel regulatory network that contributes to the effects of anxiety on immune status. The peripheral-type receptors located on phagocytes and glial cells appear to play a key role in mediating the(More)
Cellular interactions promoting the in vivo expansion of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells for maintenance of immune tolerance remain poorly defined. Here we report that mobilized Lin(-)Sca-1(+)c-kit(+) (LSK) hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), unlike medullary hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), selectively drove the direct, immediate(More)
Diverse hematopoietic progenitors, including myeloid populations arising in inflammatory and tumoral conditions and multipotent cells, mobilized by hematopoietic growth factors or emerging during parasitic infections, display tolerogenic properties. Innate immune stimuli confer regulatory functions to various mature B-cell subsets but immature B-cell(More)
Human hepatocarcinoma-intestine-pancreas/pancreatic-associated protein HIP/PAP is a secreted C-type lectin belonging to group VII, according to Drickamer's classification. HIP/PAP is overexpressed in liver carcinoma; however, its functional role remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that HIP/PAP is a paracrine hepatic growth factor promoting both(More)