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The family of calcium binding proteins called KChIPs associates with Kv4 family K(+) channels and modulates their biophysical properties. Here, using mutagenesis and X-ray crystallography, we explore the interaction between Kv4 subunits and KChIP1. Two regions in the Kv4.2 N terminus, residues 7-11 and 71-90, are necessary for KChIP1 modulation and(More)
The alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia, leading to efforts targeted toward discovering agonists and positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of this receptor. In a Ca2+ flux fluorometric imaging plate reader assay, SB-206553 (3,5-dihydro-5-methyl -N-3-pyridinylbenzo [1, 2-b:4,5 -b']-di(More)
Voltage-gated Kv1.1/Kvbeta1.1 A-type channels, as a natural complex, can switch from fast to slow inactivation under oxidation/reduction conditions. The mode-switching of inactivation, which is mediated by a cysteine residue in the inactivation ball domain of the Kvbeta1.1 N terminus, can regulate membrane electrical excitability. In the present study, we(More)
Heterologous functional expression of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is difficult to achieve in mammalian cell lines, and the reasons have been associated with a lack of expression of the putative chaperone factor RIC-3. Here, we describe the generation and functional and pharmacological characterization of a Chinese hamster ovary(More)
We examined the variability of occurrence and frequency of voltage-dependent whole-cell currents in human peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDM) maintained in culture for up to three weeks. An increase in cell capacitance from an average value of 9 pF on the day of isolation to 117 pF at 14 days accompanied growth and differentiation in(More)
The transition of a resting macrophage into the activated state is accompanied by changes in membrane potential, cytoplasmic pH, and intracellular calcium (Ca i ). Activation of Cl− as well as H+-selective currents may give rise to stimulus-induced changes in membrane potential and counteract changes in intra-cellular pH (pH i ) which have been observed to(More)
By homologue cloning, we have isolated a cDNA encoding a voltage-gated K(+) channel, rKCNQ2, from a rat brain cDNA library using RACE. The open reading frame of the translated protein comprises 852 amino acids with 6 transmembrane segments and a pore motif between S5 and S6. rKCNQ2 shares 96% amino acid identity with human KCNQ2 in which mutations cause a(More)
Acid sensing ion channels (ASICs) are proton-gated ion channels located in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Of particular interest is ASIC1a, which is located in areas associated with fear and anxiety behaviors. Recent reports suggest a role for ASIC1a in preclinical models of fear conditioning and anxiety. The present experiments evaluated(More)
Alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7 nAChR) are implicated in the modulation of many cognitive functions such as attention, working memory, and episodic memory. For this reason, α7 nAChR agonists represent promising therapeutic candidates for the treatment of cognitive impairment associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and schizophrenia. A(More)
Although an outwardly rectifying K+ conductance (I K, A) is prominently expressed in human alveolar macrophages, the expression of this conductance in human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDMs) is rare. We have analyzed the induction of the expression of I K, A in voltage-clamped, in vitro differentiated HMDMs by a number of stimuli which produce either(More)