Fletcher F. Hahn

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The relative toxicity and carcinogenicity of nickel sulfate hexahydrate (NiSO4.6H2O), nickel subsulfide (Ni3S2), and nickel oxide (NiO) were studied in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice after inhalation exposure for 6 h/day, 5 days/week for 2 years. Nickel subsulfide (0.15 and 1 mg/m3) and nickel oxide (1.25 and 2.5 mg/m3) caused an exposure-related increased(More)
The relative toxicity of nickel oxide (NiO), nickel sulfate hexahydrate (NiSO4.6H2O), and nickel subsulfide (Ni3S2) was studied in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice after inhalation exposure for 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, for 13 weeks. Exposure concentrations used (as mg Ni/m3) were 0.4-7.9 for NiO, 0.02-0.4 for NiSO4.6H2O, and 0.11-1.8 for Ni3S2. No exposure-related(More)
In this study, we determined the carcinogenicity of depleted uranium (DU) metal fragments containing 0.75% titanium in muscle tissues of rats. The results have important implications for the medical management of Gulf War veterans who were wounded with DU fragments and who retain fragments in their soft tissues. We compared the tissue reactions in rats to(More)
The transgenic heterozygous p53+/- knockout mouse has been a model for assessing the tumorigenicity of selected carcinogens administered by noninhalation routes of exposure. The sensitivity of the model for predicting cancer by inhaled chemicals has not been examined. This study addresses this issue by acutely exposing p53+/- mice of both sexes by nose-only(More)
Cortical patterns of beta-amyloid (Abeta) deposition were evaluated in 40 beagle dogs ranging in age from 2 to 18 years. Abeta deposition in the prefrontal, occipital, parietal and entorhinal cortices was visualized by using an antibody against Abeta1-42. A logistic regression was used to estimate differences in age-at-onset and rate of deposition of Abeta(More)
An animal model of lung carcinogenicity induced by chronic inhalation of mainstream cigarette smoke would be useful for research on carcinogenic mechanisms, smoke composition-response relationships, co-carcinogenicity, and chemoprevention. A study was conducted to determine if chronic whole-body exposures of rats would significantly increase lung tumor(More)
There is increasing interest in diesel fuels derived from plant oils or animal fats ("biodiesel"), but little information on the toxicity of biodiesel emissions other than bacterial mutagenicity. F344 rats were exposed by inhalation 6 h/day, 5 days/wk for 13 wk to 1 of 3 dilutions of emissions from a diesel engine burning 100% soybean oil-derived fuel, or(More)
Groups of F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to aerosols of nickel subsulfide (Ni3S2) 6 hr/day for 12 days not including weekends. Actual exposure concentrations were within 3% of target (target = 10.0, 5.0, 2.5, 1.2, 0.6, and 0.0 mg Ni3S2/m3). Nickel lung burdens of exposed rats and mice increased linearly with exposure concentration. Two male rats(More)
Activation of the K-ras protooncogene and inactivation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene are events common to many types of human cancers. Molecular epidemiology studies have associated mutational profiles in these genes with specific exposures. The purpose of this paper is to review investigations that have examined the role of the K-ras and p53 genes in(More)
The goals of this study were to (1) determine the effects of repeated inhalation of relatively insoluble nickel oxide (NiO) and highly soluble nickel sulfate hexahydrate (NiSO4.6H2O) on lung particle clearance, (2) investigate the effects of repeated inhalation of NiO or NiSO4 on the pulmonary clearance of subsequently inhaled 85Sr-labeled microspheres, (3)(More)