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Brains from 41 aged canines (> or = 10 years of age) were examined immunohistochemically to characterize the laminar distribution and age-related progression of beta-amyloid (A beta) in frontal cortex. We classified the A beta patterns into four distinct types. Type I was characterized by small, faint deposits of A beta in deep cortical layers. Type II(More)
Wood smoke is a significant source of air pollution in many parts of the United States, and epidemiological data suggest a causal relationship between elevated wood smoke levels and health effects. The present study was designed to provide information on the potential respiratory health responses to subchronic wood smoke exposures in a Native American(More)
The inhalation Toxicology Research Institute (ITRI) is conducting research to improve the understanding of chronic beryllium disease (CBD) and beryllium-induced lung cancer. Initial animal studies examined beagle dogs that inhaled BeO calcined at either 500 or 1000 degrees C. At similar lung burdens, the 500 degrees C BeO induced more severe and extensive(More)
Cortical patterns of beta-amyloid (Abeta) deposition were evaluated in 40 beagle dogs ranging in age from 2 to 18 years. Abeta deposition in the prefrontal, occipital, parietal and entorhinal cortices was visualized by using an antibody against Abeta1-42. A logistic regression was used to estimate differences in age-at-onset and rate of deposition of Abeta(More)
The aged dog brain accumulates beta-amyloid in the form of diffuse senile plaques, which provides a potentially useful in vivo model system for studying the events surrounding the deposition of beta-amyloid. We used postembedding immunocytochemistry at the electron microscopic level to determine the subcellular distribution of beta-amyloid 1-40 and(More)
The respiratory tract epithelium of dogs, from the nose to the lungs, was examined for cytochrome P-450 and associated biotransformation activities. In the ethmoturbinates, where olfactory epithelium is located, the amount of cytochrome P-450 was comparable to that in the liver, when measured on the basis of activity per milligram of microsomal protein. The(More)
An animal model of lung carcinogenicity induced by chronic inhalation of mainstream cigarette smoke would be useful for research on carcinogenic mechanisms, smoke composition-response relationships, co-carcinogenicity, and chemoprevention. A study was conducted to determine if chronic whole-body exposures of rats would significantly increase lung tumor(More)
Differences among species in the anatomic sites of particle retention could influence responses to inhaled particles. In this study, we used morphometric techniques to examine the influence of exposure concentration on particle retention in histologic sections from rats and humans. The rats had been exposed for 24 months to diesel exhaust at 0.35, 3.5, or(More)
Brevetoxins are potent neurotoxins produced by the marine dinoflagellate Karenia brevis. Exposure to brevetoxins may occur during a K. brevis red tide when the compounds become aerosolized by wind and surf. This study assessed possible adverse health effects associated with inhalation exposure to brevetoxin 3, one of the major brevetoxins produced by K.(More)
Leukocytes contain both nicotinic and muscarinic receptors, and while activation of nicotinic receptors suppresses immune/inflammatory responses, the role of muscarinic receptors in immunity is unclear. We examined the effects of a muscarinic receptor antagonist (atropine) and agonist (oxotremorine), administered chronically through miniosmotic pumps, on(More)