Learn More
The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of the alpha-2a agonist guanfacine with that of dextroamphetamine for the treatment of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Seventeen adult outpatients who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study comparing drug effects on ADHD(More)
Hyperinflammatory responses can lead to a variety of diseases, including sepsis. We now report that extracellular histones released in response to inflammatory challenge contribute to endothelial dysfunction, organ failure and death during sepsis. They can be targeted pharmacologically by antibody to histone or by activated protein C (APC). Antibody to(More)
BACKGROUND Prazosin, a central nervous system (CNS) active alpha-1 adrenoreceptor antagonist, has reduced nightmares and sleep disturbance in placebo-controlled studies of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We evaluated objective sleep parameters and PTSD symptoms in a placebo-controlled prazosin trial for civilian trauma-related PTSD. (More)
BACKGROUND Persons with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) whose trauma-related nightmares improve or resolve with bedtime administration of the alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist prazosin often continue to experience PTSD symptoms during the day. This study addressed whether daytime prazosin compared to placebo would alleviate psychological distress provoked(More)
BACKGROUND Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often a chronic disorder, and, though 2 antidepressants are now approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for its treatment, it often remains refractory to pharmacotherapy. The memory of traumatic events, by repeatedly stimulating the hippocampus and amygdala (kindling phenomenon), may alter(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial invasion during sepsis induces disregulated systemic responses that could lead to fatal lung failure. The purpose of this study was to relate the temporal dynamics of gene expression to the pathophysiological changes in the lung during the first and second stages of E. coli sepsis in baboons. RESULTS Using human oligonucleotide(More)
SUMMARY Indium-111 ("'In) bound to 8-hydroxyquinoline can be used to label platelets without impairing their ability to participate in active thrombosis. The purpose of this study was to identify intracardiac thrombi using "'In platelet scintigraphy. Twenty-nine patients were studied. Twenty-one had discrete left ven-tricular aneurysms (group 1). The(More)
We review our baboon models of Escherichia coli sepsis that mimic, respectively, the shock/disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and organ failure variants of severe sepsis, and analyse the pathophysiologic processes that are unique to each. The multi-stage, multi-factorial characteristics of severe sepsis develop as a result of the initial insult,(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) induced by severe sepsis can trigger persistent inflammation and fibrosis. We have shown that experimental sepsis in baboons recapitulates ARDS progression in humans, including chronic inflammation and long-lasting fibrosis in the lung. Complement activation products may contribute to the fibroproliferative(More)