Fletcher B. Taylor

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1. Cardiovascular Biology Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City, OK 2. Department of Haematology, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK 3. University of Texas Medical School, Gulf States Hemophilia Center, Houston, TX 4. 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Mie University School of Medicine, Tsu-city Mieken,(More)
Hyperinflammatory responses can lead to a variety of diseases, including sepsis. We now report that extracellular histones released in response to inflammatory challenge contribute to endothelial dysfunction, organ failure and death during sepsis. They can be targeted pharmacologically by antibody to histone or by activated protein C (APC). Antibody to(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive brain responsiveness to norepinephrine appears to contribute to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), particularly at night. Prazosin, a brain active alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, significantly reduced trauma nightmares and sleep disturbance in 10 Vietnam War combat veterans in a previous placebo-controlled crossover study.(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of the alpha-2a agonist guanfacine with that of dextroamphetamine for the treatment of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Seventeen adult outpatients who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study comparing drug effects on ADHD(More)
Post-diarrheal (D+) hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is caused by Shiga-toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli. There is epidemiological, cell culture, and mouse model evidence that Stx2-producing E. coli are more likely to cause HUS than strains that produce only Stx1, but this hypothesis has not been tested in a primate model of HUS. We have developed a(More)
Gram-negative septicemia elicits multiple abnormalities of the coagulation system. Although products of coagulation can lead to clot formation, thereby potentiating organ damage, recent work has shown that low concentrations of thrombin can protect animals from the shock state. Because these amounts of thrombin also lead to formation in vivo of the(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) plays a significant role in vivo in regulating coagulation that results from exposure of blood to tissue factor after vascular injury as in the case of gram negative sepsis. Highly purified recombinant TFPI (6 mg/kg) was administered either 30 min or 4 h after the(More)
Heightened noradrenergic reactivity may be a contributing factor in the pathophysiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prazosin is an alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist commonly used as an antihypertensive agent. Because alpha1-adrenergic activity has been associated with fear and startle responses, a drug that blocks central alpha1-adrenergic(More)
BACKGROUND Persons with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) whose trauma-related nightmares improve or resolve with bedtime administration of the alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist prazosin often continue to experience PTSD symptoms during the day. This study addressed whether daytime prazosin compared to placebo would alleviate psychological distress provoked(More)
The influence of the endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) on the host response to Escherichia coli was studied. Animals were treated with 4 separate protocols for survival studies and analysis of physiologic and biochemical parameters: (1) monoclonal antibody (mAb) that blocks protein C/activated protein C binding to EPCR plus sublethal numbers of E coli(More)