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This study was designed to test the hypothesis that tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) plays a significant role in vivo in regulating coagulation that results from exposure of blood to tissue factor after vascular injury as in the case of gram negative sepsis. Highly purified recombinant TFPI (6 mg/kg) was administered either 30 min or 4 h after the(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of the alpha-2a agonist guanfacine with that of dextroamphetamine for the treatment of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Seventeen adult outpatients who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study comparing drug effects on ADHD(More)
Hyperinflammatory responses can lead to a variety of diseases, including sepsis. We now report that extracellular histones released in response to inflammatory challenge contribute to endothelial dysfunction, organ failure and death during sepsis. They can be targeted pharmacologically by antibody to histone or by activated protein C (APC). Antibody to(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive brain responsiveness to norepinephrine appears to contribute to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), particularly at night. Prazosin, a brain active alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, significantly reduced trauma nightmares and sleep disturbance in 10 Vietnam War combat veterans in a previous placebo-controlled crossover study.(More)
Gram-negative bacteremia poses a major health problem, causing one-half of cases of lethal septic shock acquired during hospitalization. Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL-1), have been shown to be essential mediators of septic shock. Among the effects of these mediators is a(More)
Antitissue factor antibody attenuated the coagulopathic and lethal responses to LD100 Escherichia coli, whereas active site inhibited factor Xa inhibited only the coagulopathic response. In this study, we wished to determine: (1) whether active site inhibited factor VIIa blocks the coagulopathic and/or attenuates the lethal effects of LD100 E coli and (2)(More)
We used in vitro and in vivo approaches to examine whether tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and oncostatin M (OSM), cytokines that bind to distinct classes of receptors, differentially regulate expression of P- and E-selectin in murine and primate endothelial cells. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells, TNF-alpha rapidly increased mRNA for(More)
There is evidence that both bronchoconstriction and accumulation of lung water may contribute to the early alterations in lung function following septicemia. Eigher of these may be mediated by blood components. To assess these proposed mechanisms the changes in hemodynamics, pulmonary mechanics, gas exchange, and gravimetric lung water were measured in the(More)
BACKGROUND Prazosin, a central nervous system (CNS) active alpha-1 adrenoreceptor antagonist, has reduced nightmares and sleep disturbance in placebo-controlled studies of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We evaluated objective sleep parameters and PTSD symptoms in a placebo-controlled prazosin trial for civilian trauma-related PTSD. (More)