Flavio Rizzolio

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BACKGROUND Balanced X;autosome translocations interrupting the 'critical region' of the long arm of the human X chromosome are often associated with premature ovarian failure (POF). However, the mechanisms leading to X-linked ovarian dysfunction are largely unknown, as the majority of the X chromosome breakpoints have been mapped to gene-free genomic(More)
BACKGROUND Chromosomal rearrangements in Xq are frequently associated with premature ovarian failure (POF) and have defined a POF 'critical region'. Search for genes responsible for the disorder has been elusive. METHODS We report mapping of novel breakpoints of X;autosome-balanced translocations and interstitial deletions and a review of published X(More)
Heterozygous mutations in the X-linked MECP2 gene cause Rett syndrome, a severe neurodevelopmental disorder of young females. Only one male presenting an MECP2 mutation has been reported; he survived only to age 1 year, suggesting that mutations in MECP2 are male lethal. Here we report a three-generation family in which two affected males showed severe(More)
Terminal deletions of the long arm of the human X chromosome have been described in women with premature ovarian failure (POF). We report here the molecular characterization of an inherited deletion in two affected women and in their mother. The two daughters presented secondary amenorrhea at 17 or 22 years respectively, while the mother was fertile. She(More)
In the post-genomics era, metabolomics represents a new "omics" approach that in the last decade has received increased attention in the field of oncology. Metabolomics is based on the holistic study of the metabolic profile that characterizes a specific phenotype in a biological system. The metabolic profile provides a readout of the metabolic state of an(More)
Modeling breast cancer in the mouse has helped to better define the heterogeneity of human breast cancer. In the recent past, it has become evident that some limitations have restricted the potential benefits that can be achieved with this approach. In this review, we highlight some key points that should be taken into account when the mouse is used, with(More)
In hormone receptor-positive breast cancers, most tumors in the early stages of development depend on the activity of the estrogen receptor and its ligand, estradiol. Anti-estrogens, such as tamoxifen, have been used as the first line of therapy for over three decades due to the fact that they elicit cell cycle arrest. Unfortunately, after an initial(More)
CDK-inhibitors can diminish transcriptional levels of cell cycle-related cyclins through the inhibition of E2F family members and CDK7 and 9. Cyclin A1, an E2F-independent cyclin, is strongly upregulated under genotoxic conditions and functionally was shown to increase NHEJ activity. Cyclin A1 outcompetes with cyclin A2 for CDK2 binding, possibly(More)
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a pediatric tumor that arises from muscle precursor cells. RMS cells express several markers of early myogenic differentiation, but they fail to complete both differentiation program and cell cycle arrest, resulting in uncontrolled proliferation and incomplete myogenesis. Previous studies showed that EZH2, which is involved in both(More)
Inactivation of the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) by phosphorylation triggers uncontrolled cell proliferation. Accordingly, activation of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)/cyclin complexes or downregulation of CDK inhibitors appears as a common event in human cancer. Here we show that Pin1 (protein interacting with NIMA (never in mitosis A)-1), a peptidylprolyl(More)