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BACKGROUND/AIMS An association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with the insulin-resistant metabolic syndrome has been suggested. The aim of the study was to assess the association of fatty liver to different degrees of insulin resistance and secretion. METHODS AND RESULTS The study was performed in 308 alcohol- and virus-negative consecutive patients(More)
BACKGROUND Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease comprises a spectrum of diseases ranging from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis. Probiotics have been proposed as a treatment option because of their modulating effect on the gut flora that could influence the gut-liver axis. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the beneficial and(More)
BACKGROUND Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a condition characterised by fatty deposition in the hepatocytes of patients in patients with minimal or no alcohol intake. Some patients develop non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Bile acids may potentially protect cellular structures and may be of benefit in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver or(More)
BACKGROUND Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterised by fatty deposition in the hepatocytes of patients with minimal or no alcohol intake and without other known cause. NAFLD includes a wide spectrum of histologic abnormalities ranging from hepatic steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), or even cirrhosis. Antioxidant(More)
AIMS/BACKGROUND Current therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is based on the administration of interferon alpha (IFN) alone or in combination with other anti-viral agents. However, such therapy is effective in only a minority of selected patients. Long-term ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment has been reported to improve liver function(More)
The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection increases with advancing age, but the disease has been poorly studied in the elderly. A population-based study was therefore carried out to investigate the prevalence of HCV infection and the severity of HCV-related chronic liver disease in the elderly. One thousand and sixty-three people (> or = 60 years(More)
The polyamines, putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, are believed to play an important role in modulating normal and adaptive intestinal mucosal growth. Polyamine synthesis is rate limited by ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and ODC activity is specifically inhibited by -difluoromethyl ornithine (DFMO). To assess the importance of polyamines in adaptive(More)
Ethnic minorities living in high-income countries usually exhibit a greater risk of developing diabetes along with higher morbidity and mortality rates. We evaluated the effectiveness of interventions to improve glycaemic control in ethnic minority groups. Results of major controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses were included in the review.(More)
The evidence for and against an enteropancreatic trophic axis is reviewed. Luminal nutrition is essential for the maintenance of normal intestinal mucosal, and exocrine pancreatic, structure and function. Exclusion of luminal nutrition leads to mucosal hypoplasia and hypofunction with similar changes in the pancreas. The trophic effect of luminal nutrition(More)
Laparoscopy is a relatively safe invasive procedure, but complications can occur, mainly related to Veress needle and trocar insertion. The rate of these complications is generally reported to be low, but the true incidence may be higher because of underreporting. We retrospectively studied the records of 2650 consecutive diagnostic laparoscopies performed(More)