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Alginate, the main cell-wall polysaccharide of brown algae, is composed of two residues: mannuronic acid (M-residues) and, its C5-epimer, guluronic acid (G-residues). Alginate lyases define a class of enzymes that cleave the glycosidic bond of alginate by β-elimination. They are classified according to their ability to recognize the distribution of M- and… (More)
The C-1-C-12 segment of the amphidinolides T1-T5 has been synthesised in an efficient manner. The key transformations are highly diastereoselective rearrangement of an oxonium ylide, or metal-bound ylide equivalent, produced by intramolecular reaction of a copper carbenoid with an allylic ether, and macrocyclic fragment coupling by one-pot ring-closing… (More)
A new cooperative copper/iron catalysis for the borylation of various aryl bromides with pinacolborane, at -10 °C, is reported. Use of the toxic, precious metal Pd is avoided. The mechanism of the protodebromination side reaction is discussed.