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Converging evidence suggests that emotion processing mediated by ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) is necessary to prevent personal moral violations. In moral dilemmas, for example, patients with lesions in vmPFC are more willing than normal controls to approve harmful actions that maximize good consequences (e.g., utilitarian moral judgments). Yet,(More)
Neuropsychological impairment affects 40-65% of multiple sclerosis patients, mainly involving speed in information processing, attention, executive functions and memory. Deterioration occurs over time independently from disability and seems to correlate particularly with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) atrophy measures. Studies on therapies effective in(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate brain changes after cognitive rehabilitation in patients with clinically stable relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS) by using neuropsychologic assessment and structural and functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was conducted with approval of the involved institutional review(More)
Nineteen moderately impaired patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis and an initially relapsing-remitting course were included in a neuropsychological and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) follow-up study. The average test/re-test interval was about 2 years. The neuropsychological findings were indicative of a very mild overall impairment; the(More)
We report the case of a 48-year old woman who, after a severe closed head injury, developed a severe and persistent disruption of retrograde memory, associated with a mild impairment of learning abilities. The patient's dense amnesia spared only the childhood period and included both explicit memory (autobiographical and semantic) and procedural skills.(More)
Limb apraxia, a deficit of planning voluntary gestures, is most frequently caused by damage to the left hemisphere, where, according to an influential neurofunctional model, gestures are planned, before being executed through the motor cortex of the hemisphere contralateral to the acting hand. We used anodal transcranial direct current stimulation delivered(More)
We investigated how resting state (RS) functional connectivity (FC) of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) correlates with cognitive rehabilitation in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients. A neuropsychological assessment and RS fMRI at baseline and after 12 weeks were obtained from 20 RRMS patients, who were assigned randomly to undergo(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of a computer-based intensive training program of attention, information processing and executive functions in patients with clinically-stable relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS) and low levels of disability. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: A total of 150 patients with RR MS and an Expanded Disability(More)
We describe a patient, AZ, who showed, in addition to an amnesic syndrome which eventually improved, longstanding confabulation and delusional misidentification following bilateral frontal and right temporal post-traumatic lesions. Confabulation appeared in personal recollections and on long-term verbal memory testing. Misidentification concerned mainly his(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether the efficacy of 12-week cognitive rehabilitation in MS patients persists six months after treatment termination and, together with resting state (RS) functional connectivity (FC), changes on neuropsychological performance at follow-up. METHODS Eighteen MS patients with cognitive deficits, assigned randomly either to(More)