Flavia Chiarotti

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Novelty seeking as well as amphetamine sensitization were studied in adult (postnatal day "PND" > 60) and periadolescent (PND 3343) mice treated with saline or amphetamine (2 or 10 mg/kg once per day) for 3 days in a familiar environment. After a 48-hr wash-out period, mice were challenged with either saline or amphetamine (2 mg/kg) in the same environment.(More)
Objective: To gain insights into the nature and pathogenesis of white matter (WM) abnormalities in PKU. Methods: Thirty-two patients with phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency (21 with early and 11 with late diagnosis and treatment) and 30 healthy controls underwent an integrated clinical, neuroimaging (3.0 T MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), diffusion(More)
To assess the role of genetic variation in determining factor VII (FVII) activity and antigen levels we studied a polymorphism located in the 5' region of the gene (5'F7), an intronic mutation (IVS7), and the 353Arg-Gln polymorphism. All the polymorphisms, which showed strong allelic association, analyzed separately or in combination by the one-way analysis(More)
The relationship between coagulation factor VII (FVII) levels in plasma and FVII genotypes, determined by three polymorphisms (5'F7, IVS7, and 353R/Q), were studied in 500 control subjects enrolled in European multicenter study. The selection of particular FVII genotypes and the analysis of variance clearly indicated the independent contribution of a single(More)
Recent evidence has shown that perinatal administration of zidovudine (AZT) to HIV-infected mothers reduces the risk of maternal-infant transmission of the virus. Treatment of pregnant seropositive women with AZT is becoming a common medical practice, despite the paucity of information about the potential neurotoxic/behavioral-teratogenic effects of AZT on(More)
The aim of the present work was to relate age-related individual differences in cognitive function with behavioural strategies employed in social and non-social challenges. To this purpose, the behaviour of adult (5-month-old) and middle-aged (13-month-old) CD-1 mice was scored in the social interaction, plus-maze, Morris water maze (MWM) and open-field(More)
Postnatal manipulations such as brief (early handling, EH) and long, daily mother-offspring separations (maternal separation, MS) in rats are used to study the mechanisms underlying developmental plasticity of stress and fear responses, and to model stress-related disorders in humans and in non-human animals. Current evidence suggests that, compared to(More)
Summary: Executive functions were studied in 14 early and continuously treated PKU subjects (age 10.8 years, range 8–13) in comparison with controls matched for IQ, sex, age and socioeconomic status. Brain MRI examination was normal in all PKU patients. Neuropsychological evaluation included Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Rey-Osterreith Complex Figure Test,(More)
The effects of dynamic plantar flexion exercise [40, 60, and 80 contractions·min–1 (cpm)] on calf and shin muscle oxygenation patterns and common femoral artery blood flow ( $$ \dot Q_{{\rm fa}} $$ ) were examined in six female subjects [mean age 21 (SD 1) years] who exercised for 1 min at 33% of their maximal voluntary contraction at ankle angles between(More)
Tissue samples from 56 bird and 11 mammal species of different trophic levels, collected from 1994 to 1995 from the Urbino-Pesaro area in the Marche region of central Italy, were analyzed for the presence of organochlorine compounds (polychlorinated biphenyls and p,p'-DDE) and heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, and Hg). Results revealed interspecies differences in(More)