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We recorded somatosensory evoked fields to passive extensions of the left and right index fingers in eight healthy adults. A new nonmagnetic device was designed to produce calibrated extensions of 19 degrees, with a mean angular velocity of 630 degrees/s. The responses, recorded with a 306-channel neuromagnetometer, were modeled with current dipoles. The(More)
The aim of the current study was to assess the reproducibility of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain activation signals in a sensorimotor task in healthy subjects. Because random or systematic changes are likely to happen when movements are repeated over time, the authors searched for time-dependent changes in the fMRI signal intensity and(More)
Previous studies have shown that blind subjects may outperform the sighted on certain tactile discrimination tasks. We recently showed that blind subjects outperformed the sighted in a haptic 2D-angle discrimination task. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of the same blind (n=16) and sighted (n=17, G1) subjects in three tactile(More)
Cortical areas responsive to proprioceptive stimulation were assessed by ERP technique in normals and in selected patients with stroke and were compared to fMRI data. Repetitive extension of right and left forefinger elicited a P1/N1/P2 complex wave pattern. This pattern was absent in patient with complete sensory loss and present but spatially modified in(More)
Growing evidence suggests that blind subjects outperform the sighted on certain tactile discrimination tasks depending on cutaneous inputs. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of blind (n = 14) and sighted (n = 15) subjects in a haptic angle discrimination task, depending on both cutaneous and proprioceptive feedback. Subjects actively(More)
We used bilateral median nerve stimuli to find out possible hemispheric dominance in the activation of the second somatosensory cortex, SII. Somatosensory evoked fields (SEFs) were recorded from 14 healthy adults (7 right-handed, 7 left-handed) with a 306-channel neuromagnetometer. Electrical stimuli were applied once every 3 s simultaneously either to the(More)
Neurofunctional reorganization with age is suspected to occur for many cognitive components including communication abilities. Several functional neuroimaging studies of elderly individuals have reported the occurrence of an interhemispheric neurofunctional reorganization characterized by more bilateral activation patterns. Other studies have indicated that(More)
Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) reveals the local orientation and integrity of white matter fiber structure based on imaging multidirectional water diffusion. Group differences in DTI images are often computed from single scalar measures, e.g., the Fractional Anisotropy (FA), discarding much of the information in the 6-parameter symmetric(More)
Previous studies have shown that unilateral painful but not tactile stimulation produces ipsilateral cortical activation in callosotomized patients. Here, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to compare activation evoked by tactile and thermal pain stimulation in two individuals with callosal agenesis, one callosotomized patient, and six(More)
Early blind individuals are known to exhibit structural brain reorganization. Particularly, early-onset blindness may trigger profound brain alterations that affect not only the visual system but also the remaining sensory systems. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows in-vivo visualization of brain white matter connectivity, and has been extensively used(More)