Flair José Carrilho

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Brazil is a country of continental dimension with a population of different ethnic backgrounds. Thus, a wide variation in the frequencies of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes is expected to occur. To address this point, 1,688 sequential samples from chronic HCV patients were analyzed. HCV-RNA was amplified by the RT-PCR from blood samples collected from(More)
UNLABELLED Sustained virologic suppression is a primary goal of therapy for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). In study entecavir (ETV)-022, 48 weeks of entecavir 0.5 mg was superior to lamivudine for virologic suppression for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive CHB. A total of 183 entecavir-treated patients from ETV-022 subsequently enrolled in study ETV-901.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Treatment with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin produces a sustained virologic response (SVR) in approximately 60% of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. Alternate options are needed for patients who relapse or do not respond to therapy. METHODS This prospective, international, multicenter, open-label study evaluated efficacy and(More)
OBJECTIVES:Susceptibility to autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) type 1 has been associated with DRB1*03, DRB1*04, and DRB3 alleles in European and North-American whites, with DRB1*04 in Japan, and with DRB1*04 and DRB1*13 in Latin America. Very few studies have been performed on AIH type 2. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of AIH types 1(More)
Susceptibility to autoimmune hepatitis type I (AIH-1) has been associated with HLA-DR3, DR52, and DR4 antigens in Caucasian and Oriental patients. However, in Brazil, disease susceptibility is primarily linked to DR13 and DR52. In this highly admixed population, we find different DR13-associated haplotypes, presenting a unique opportunity to discriminate(More)
The genotypes of hepatitis B (HBV) and delta (HDV) viruses circulating among fulminant hepatitis cases from the western Amazon Basin of Brazil were characterized in this study. HBV and HDV isolates were obtained from liver samples from 14 patients who developed fulminant hepatitis and died during 1978-1989. HBV DNA and HDV RNA were detected in all samples.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FLC) is a rare primary hepatic cancer that develops in children and young adults without cirrhosis. Little is known about its pathogenesis, and it can be treated only with surgery. We performed an integrative genomic analysis of a large series of patients with FLC to identify associated genetic(More)
Southern Brazil is considered an area of low Hepatitis B endemicity, but some areas of higher endemicity have been described in the Southwest of Paraná and Santa Catarina states. The aim of this study was to evaluate viral genotypes circulating throughout Paraná state. PCR amplification and partial sequencing of the S gene was carried out in 228 samples(More)
The purpose of this study was to verify whether the presence of any of the Helicobacter pylori cagPAI genes or segments--cagA, cagA promoter, cagE, cagM, tnpB, tnpA, cagT and the left end of the cag II (LEC) region--would be a useful marker for the risk of peptic ulcer disease development. H. pylori DNA extracted from positive urease tests of 150 peptic(More)
Several new direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs are in development for chronic hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection, and NS3-NS4A serine protease and the NS5B RNA-dependent RNA polymerase have been the major targets. HCV variants displaying drug-resistant phenotypes have been observed both in vitro and during clinical trials. Our aim was to characterize amino(More)