Flávia Almeida Santos

Learn More
Ketamine is known to improve opioid efficacy, reduce postoperative opioid requirement and oppose opioid associated pain hypersensitivity and tolerance. However, the mechanisms underlying these beneficial effects are not clear. This study investigated the effects of ketamine at a non-analgesic dose (30 mg/kg, i.p.) on analgesia induced by morphine (2.5, 5.0,(More)
The anti-inflammatory pentacyclic triterpene, oleanolic acid (OA) was examined on acute nociception induced by intraplantar injection of capsaicin in mice. OA administered orally to mice at 10, 30 and 100 mgkg(-1), significantly attenuated the paw-licking response to capsaicin (1.6 microg/paw) by 53%, 68.5% and 36.6%, respectively. Ruthenium red (3(More)
The leaf essential oil from Croton sonderianus (EOCS) was evaluated for antinociceptive activity in mice using chemical and thermal models of nociception. Given orally, the essential oil at doses of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg produced significant inhibitions on chemical nociception induced by intraperitoneal acetic acid and subplantar formalin or capsaicin(More)
Pentacyclic triterpenes in general exert beneficial effects in metabolic disorders. This study investigated the effects of α, β-amyrin, a pentacyclic triterpene mixture from the resin of Protium heptaphyllum on blood sugar level and lipid profile in normal and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice, and in mice fed on a high-fat diet (HFD). Mice treated(More)
The diterpene, 12-acetoxyhawtriwaic acid lactone (AHAL, tanabalin) isolated from the flower buds of Egletes viscosa Less. (Asteraceae) was evaluated on capsaicin-induced ear edema and hindpaw nociception in mice. AHAL (12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg, P. O.) significantly attenuated the ear edema response to topically applied capsaicin (250 microg), in a dose-related(More)
In the search for novel natural compounds effective against visceral nociception, the triterpenoid mixture alpha- and beta-amyrin, isolated from Protium heptaphyllum resin, was assessed in two established mouse models of visceral nociception. Mice were pretreated orally with alpha- and beta-amyrin (3, 10, 30, and 100 mg/kg) or vehicle, and the pain-related(More)
The effects of alpha,beta-amyrin, a pentacyclic triterpene isolated from Protium heptaphylum was investigated on rat model of orofacial pain induced by formalin or capsaicin. Rats were pretreated with alpha,beta-amyrin (10, 30, and 100mg/kg, i.p.), morphine (5mg/kg, s.c.) or vehicle (3% Tween 80), before formalin (20 microl, 1.5%) or capsaicin (20 microl,(More)
Herbal compounds rich in triterpenes are well known to regulate glucose and lipid metabolism and to have beneficial effects on metabolic disorders. The present study investigated the antiobesity properties of resin from Protium heptaphyllum (RPH) and the possible mechanisms in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks. Mice treated with RPH showed(More)
Several reports indicate that pregnancy and parturition are associated with elevated maternal pain thresholds to noxious stimuli. The objective of this study was to examine whether the human placental extract, a clinically used preparation, can inhibit experimental nociception. Nociception was assessed in mice using acetic acid-induced writhing and(More)
The antinociceptive activity of the essential oil from leaves of Psidium pohlianum Berg (Myrtaceae) was evaluated in mice using three different nociceptive tests, namely, formalin, low temperature hot-plate (51 ± 1°C) and caudal compression method. Oral administration of Psidium oil (100, 200 and 400mg/kg) produced a dose-related significant antinociception(More)
  • 1