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Cultured rat fibroblasts were exposed to 41 cationic fluorescent probes of very varied hydrophilicity/lipophilicity. Outcome of probe-cell interaction fell into one of the following categories: probe failed to enter the cells; probe accumulated on cell surfaces; probe accumulated in mitochondria, and/or in other intracellular regions. The observations were(More)
Cultured rat fibroblasts were exposed to 41 cationic fluorescent probes of very varied hydrophilicity/lipophilicity. Outcome of probe-cell interaction fell into one of the following categories: probe failed to enter the cells; probe accumulated on cell surfaces; probe accumulated in mitochondria, and/or in other intracellular regions. The observations were(More)
A simple and generalised model — termed the simplistic Chinese box [SCB] model — for the interaction of molecular probes with living systems is described. The SCB model includes the following assumptions. That living systems may be considered as built from biologically defined boxes, e.g. whole cell nucleus nucleoli. That movement of molecular probes into(More)
Cultured rat fibroblasts were exposed to 50 fluorescent probes of varied physicochemical characteristics. Probe concentrations, fluorochrome excitation wavelength and period of illumination, and cell-probe contact time were varied. Structure-activity relationships defining a number of classes of fluorescent probes for lysosomes and related processes and(More)
Cultured rat fibroblasts were exposed to millimolar concentrations of forty-four non-cationic fluorescent probes, of very varied physico-chemical properties. Mitochondrial staining occurred with nineteen of these probes, nine of which were nominally anionic and ten nominally non-ionic. All nineteen were in fact lipophilic weak acids. Using structural(More)
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