Firas M Chamas

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The relationship between nicotine and stress is complex and paradoxical. Although people claim they smoke because it relaxes them, nicotine can trigger some of the effects observed with stress, including the release and synthesis of the catecholamines and their biosynthetic enzymes. This study examined one aspect of this confusing relationship between(More)
BACKGROUND Stress triggers adaptive and maladaptive changes in the central nervous system, including activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and can trigger mood disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder. We examined the effect of immobilization stress (IMO) on gene expression of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), the rate-limiting enzyme in(More)
Repeated stress triggers a wide range of adaptive changes in the central nervous system including the elevation of serotonin (5-HT) metabolism and an increased susceptibility to affective disorders. To begin to examine whether these changes are mediated by alterations in gene expression for tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), the rate-limiting enzyme in 5-HT(More)
BACKGROUND There is a continued role for anterior spinal fusion (ASF) in the treatment of thoracolumbar scoliosis. Despite numerous previous reports of ASF in the treatment of thoracolumbar scoliosis, no single study has simultaneously evaluated clinical, radiographic, and pulmonary function outcomes. METHODS Retrospective review of 31 consecutive(More)
There are tissue specific discrepancies in expression of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) between the pineal gland and brainstem. TPH mRNA levels in the pineal are much higher than in the brainstem, however, the two tissues contain comparable protein levels. This discrepancy could result from different translation efficiency of two of the TPH mRNA isoforms.(More)
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