Learn More
BACKGROUND Global control of tuberculosis is hampered by slow, insensitive diagnostic methods, particularly for the detection of drug-resistant forms and in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Early detection is essential to reduce the death rate and interrupt transmission, but the complexity and infrastructure needs of sensitive methods(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple drug-resistance in new tuberculosis (TB) cases accounts for the majority of all multiple drug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) worldwide. Effective control requires determining which new TB patients should be tested for MDR disease, yet the effectiveness of global screening recommendations of high-risk groups is unknown. METHODS Sixty MDR-TB(More)
INTRODUCTION In high multidrug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) prevalence areas, drug susceptibility testing (DST) at diagnosis is recommended for patients with risk factors for MDR. However, this approach might miss a substantial proportion of MDR-TB in the general population. We studied primary MDR in patients considered to be at low risk of MDR-TB in(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) transmission may occur with exposure to an infectious contact often in the setting of household environments, but extra-domiciliary transmission also may happen. We evaluated if using buses and/or minibuses as public transportation was associated with acquiring TB in a high incidence urban district in Lima, Peru. METHODS Newly(More)
The effectiveness of the World Health Organization's (WHO) treatment category II regimen for tuberculosis in 124 patients was compared to that of 1147 patients receiving treatment category I in Lima, Peru following WHO's guidelines. Drug susceptibility test was available for 85% of patients. Prevalence of multi drug resistance and streptomycin resistance(More)
Ceftazidime/avibactam (CAZ/AVI) is the first antimicrobial agent with activity against carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Notably, human clinical outcome data for this indication are limited. Therefore, a retrospective study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcomes and bacterial(More)
Spatial autocorrelation is problematic for classical hierarchical cluster detection tests commonly used in multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) analyses as considerable random error can occur. Therefore, when MDRTB clusters are spatially autocorrelated the assumption that the clusters are independently random is invalid. In this research, a product(More)
We report here the draft genome sequence of a multidrug-resistant clinical isolate of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae, KP_Z4175. This strain, isolated as part of a hospital infection-control screening program, is resistant to multiple β-lactam antibiotics, aminoglycosides, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.
  • 1