Fiorella Guadagni

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Pancreatic cancer is one of the most intractable and least understood of all human cancers. Pancreatic cancers is the fourth-leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States with less than 2% of the patients surviving for 5 yr. In an effort to help develop more effective treatment modalities for pancreatic cancer and improve detection, we(More)
We analyzed the hMLH1 and hMSH2 genes in 30 unrelated hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) patients using mutational and immunohistochemical analyses combined whenever possible with primer extension assays, designed to estimate hMLH1 and hMSH2 transcript expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Single-strand conformational polymorphism(More)
Human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a well-characterized oncofetal glycoprotein whose overexpression by human carcinomas has been a target for cancer immunotherapy. Transgenic mice that express CEA as a self-antigen with a tissue distribution similar to that of humans have been developed. This study investigates: (a) the responsiveness of the CEA(More)
BACKGROUND Adipokines may significantly influence the growth and proliferation of tumor stroma and malignant cells within. Reduced adiponectin and increased leptin serum levels were found in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Recently, it has been demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is able to induce dose-dependent changes in serum(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating adiponectin levels are inversely correlated with the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study was designed to evaluate the association between adiponectin levels and the clinicopathological variables of CRC and to analyze the possible prognostic value of adiponectin in predicting relapse-free survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Progressive functional impairments develop with chronic repetitive tasks possibly involving inflammatory mediators. Aim of this study was to analyze systemic inflammatory changes in relation to the possible occurrence of pain and/or disability in video terminal operators (VTOs) undergoing upper-extremity repetitive stress due to chronic overuse. (More)
The inflammatory index neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has an adverse prognostic value in patients with localized colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed at evaluating its role in metastatic CRC (mCRC) patients treated with standard first-line chemotherapy. Among consecutive CRC patients referred to our Unit, those with metastatic disease eligible for treatment(More)
Protein truncation test (PTT) and single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) assay were used to scan the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes in 136 unrelated Italian breast/ovarian cancer patients. In the sample tested, BRCA1 and BRCA2 equally contributed to site-specific breast cancer patients who reported one to two breast cancer-affected first-/ second-degree(More)
PURPOSE The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is emerging as a critical factor for the progression and metastasis of carcinomas, as well as drug resistance. The T-box transcription factor Brachyury has been recently characterized as a driver of EMT in human carcinoma cells. The purpose of this study was to characterize Brachyury as a potential target(More)
The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of germline vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphisms (VGPs) on the efficacy of the anti-VEGF antibody bevacizumab (Bev) in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) patients. Forty MCRC patients eligible for a first-line therapy were enrolled in this prospective trial and treated with(More)