Fiona Y. Carroll

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GABA systems have been implicated as targets for ethanol at the cellular, molecular and behavioural level. The present study was designed to further examine the potential of the GABA(B) receptor as a target for regulating operant alcohol responding. Given that the prototypic agonist, baclofen, reduces the self-administration of alcohol, we hypothesized that(More)
L-Glutamate (Glu) activates at least eight different G protein-coupled receptors known as metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, which mostly act as regulators of synaptic transmission. These receptors consist of two domains: an extracellular domain in which agonists bind and a transmembrane heptahelix region involved in G protein activation. Although new(More)
We have investigated the involvement of c-Jun in cell death induced by exposure of primary cultures of murine cerebellar granule cells to the glutamate receptor agonist kainate (KA) and evaluated its possible use as a marker for apoptosis. Using cerebellar granule cell neurones from postnatal day 7 mice, we found that 1 hr exposure to KA (1-1000 microM)(More)
Binding of [3H](2S,4R)-4-methylglutamate, a novel low affinity kainate receptor agonist, was studied in brain sections of a Macaca fascicularis monkey. In cerebellar sections, [3H](2S,4R)-4-methylglutamate bound to a single population of sites (KD = 20 nM) and was inhibited by various glutamate receptor ligands: kainate >(More)
The linkage of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of L-glutamate receptor to the nitric oxide (NO)/3, 5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) intracellular signalling system was investigated in murine neocortical cultures by examining the effects of NMDA antagonists, NO synthase inhibitors, and drugs targeting second messenger systems on(More)
A culture system was developed whereby murine cerebellar granule cells were grown under serum-free conditions in chemically defined B27-supplemented neurobasal medium plus depolarizing K+ levels, to allow the investigation of the role of agonists at the kainate and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA) receptors in glutamate-mediated(More)
Olfactory dysfunction has been implicated in various neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease but, despite intense interest in the neurobiology of the olfactory bulb (OB), studies of neurodegenerative mechanisms have not been attempted in primary OB cultures. This study was aimed at developing a primary OB culture under(More)
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