Fiona Watson

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OBJECTIVE To determine which interventions can reduce linear growth retardation (stunting) in children aged 6-36 months over a 5-year period in a food-insecure population in Ethiopia. DESIGN We used data collected through an operations research project run by Save the Children UK: the Child Caring Practices (CCP) project. Eleven neighbouring villages were(More)
Vesicular monoamine transporter 2 is important for the accumulation of monoamine neurotransmitters into synaptic vesicles and histamine transport into secretory vesicles of the enterochromaffin-like cell of the gastric corpus. In this study we have investigated the mechanisms regulating the transcriptional activation of the rat vesicular monoamine(More)
Uptake and storage of monoamines in secretory granules is accomplished by vesicular monoamine transporters, and it is likely that vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) is important for histamine transport in vivo. In the present study we have used the pre-B-cell line Ea3.123 to investigate the mechanisms involved in the transcriptional activation of the(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous work has shown that synovial fluid isolated from patients with active rheumatoid arthritis contains soluble (not sedimented by centrifugation at 11,600 g for two minutes) and insoluble (sedimented by centrifugation at 11,600 g for two minutes) immunoglobulin aggregates that are capable of activating reactive oxidant production by(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine if neutrophils isolated from the blood and synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis had patterns of receptor expression resembling those of blood neutrophils from controls which had been activated and primed in vitro. METHODS Fluorescence activated cell sorting was used to measure receptor(More)
Incubation of human bloodstream neutrophils with 50 u/ml recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rGM-CSF) "primed" the respiratory burst (as assessed by fMet-Leu-Phe stimulated luminol-dependent chemiluminescence) and resulted in a rapid (within 15 min) up-regulation of expression of CD11b and CD18 (as measured by FACS analysis). This(More)
The protein kinase C inhibitor, staurosporine, inhibited NADPH oxidase activity of human neutrophils activated by phorbol myristate acetate. However, this inhibitor had no effect on either the initiation or the maximal rate of O2- secretion activated by the chemotactic peptide, fMet-Leu-Phe, but resulted in a more rapid termination of oxidant production.(More)
Soluble immune complexes activate a rapid burst of reactive oxidant secretion from neutrophils that have previously been primed with GM-CSF. Binding of these complexes to the cell surface of unprimed neutrophils results in the generation of intracellular Ca2+ transients, but the NADPH oxidase fails to become activated. No phospholipase D activity was(More)
Neutrophil function and plasma membrane receptor expression was measured in cell suspensions isolated by two separate procedures and in unfractionated whole blood. When cells were prepared by a combined dextran/ficoll procedure, their ability to generate reactive oxidants in response to fMet-Leu-Phe was greater than in corresponding cells isolated by a(More)