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Diacylglycerol (DAG) lipase activity is required for axonal growth during development and for retrograde synaptic signaling at mature synapses. This enzyme synthesizes the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG), and the CB1 cannabinoid receptor is also required for the above responses. We now report on the cloning and enzymatic characterization of(More)
Endocannabinoids (eCBs) function as retrograde signaling molecules at synapses throughout the brain, regulate axonal growth and guidance during development, and drive adult neurogenesis. There remains a lack of genetic evidence as to the identity of the enzyme(s) responsible for the synthesis of eCBs in the brain. Diacylglycerol lipase-alpha (DAGLalpha) and(More)
A chimeric molecule consisting of the extracellular domain of the adhesion molecule, N-cadherin, fused to the Fc region of human IgG (NCAD-Fc) supports calcium-dependent cell adhesion and promotes neurite outgrowth following affinity-capture to a tissue culture substrate. When presented to cerebellar neurons as a soluble molecule, the NCAD-Fc stimulated(More)
OBJECTIVE To see whether non-professional volunteer community mothers could deliver a child development programme to disadvantaged first time mothers for children aged up to 1 year. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING A regional health authority in Dublin. SUBJECTS 262 first time mothers who were delivered during six months in 1989 and who(More)
The clinical use of anti-oestrogens in breast cancer therapy has traditionally been restricted to tumours that contain measurable oestrogen receptor protein. However, it is now widely recognised that the clinical response to adjuvant anti-oestrogen therapy appears to be independent of the oestrogen receptor content of the primary tumour. The study reported(More)
Endocannabinoids are small signaling lipids, with 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) implicated in modulating axonal growth and synaptic plasticity. The concept of short-range extracellular signaling by endocannabinoids is supported by the lack of trans-synaptic 2-AG signaling in mice lacking sn-1-diacylglycerol lipases (DAGLs), synthesizing 2-AG. Nevertheless,(More)
Diacylglycerol lipase alpha (DAGLα) generates the endocannabinoid (eCB) 2-arachidonylglycerol (2-AG) that regulates the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells and serves as a retrograde signaling lipid at synapses. Nothing is known about the dynamics of DAGLα expression in cells and this is important as it will govern where 2-AG can be made(More)
The Government of Indonesia places a high priority on the universal provision of, and access to, education. Universal education is considered a cornerstone for future economic development and shared prosperity. Over the past decade, the Government of Indonesia has introduced a number of major reforms to make universal education a reality. In 2003, the(More)
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