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BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections occur worldwide and are usually asymptomatic in healthy individuals. In fetuses and immunocompromised persons, they can cause severe disease and disabilities. OBJECTIVE To determine the CMV seroprevalence and risk factors for CMV infection in the Netherlands. STUDY DESIGN In a cross-sectional population-based(More)
BACKGROUND The combined measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine has been successfully administered for >20 years. Because of this, protection by maternal antibodies in infants born to vaccinated mothers might be negatively affected. METHODS  A large cross-sectional serologic survey was conducted in the Netherlands during 2006-2007. We compared the(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental enteropathy (EE) is a subclinical enteric condition found in low-income countries that is characterized by intestinal inflammation, reduced intestinal absorption, and gut barrier dysfunction. We aimed to assess if EE impairs the success of oral polio and rotavirus vaccines in infants in Bangladesh. METHODS We conducted a(More)
  • D A Brouwer, J van Beek, +4 authors F A Muskiet
  • 1998
We investigated the effect of oral high-dose cholecalciferol on plasma and adipose tissue cholecalciferol and its subsequent release, and on plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). Female Wistar rats (n 126) received 37.5 micrograms cholecalciferol/d for 14 d and were subsequently studied for a further 88 d. Two subgroups of eighteen rats each were fasted for(More)
To increase testing of vaccine induced humoral immunity in immune surveillance studies and vaccine trials, a rapid and simple microsphere-based multiplex assay (pentaplex) was developed for the quantitation of IgG serum antibodies directed against the Bordetella pertussis antigens: Pertussis Toxin (Ptx), Filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), Pertactin (Prn) and(More)
Adequate long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCP) status during pregnancy is important. We studied the effect of three low-dose fish oil supplements, administered during uncomplicated pregnancy, on neonatal LCP status at term delivery. Supplements were administered from the second trimester to delivery, either as fish oil capsules ("fish-1": 336 mg(More)
Infection with seasonal influenza A viruses induces immunity to potentially pandemic influenza A viruses of other subtypes (heterosubtypic immunity). We recently demonstrated that vaccination against seasonal influenza prevented the induction of heterosubtypic immunity against influenza A/H5N1 virus induced by infection with seasonal influenza in animal(More)
In the Netherlands the meningococcal serogroup C conjugate (MenCC) vaccine is administered as a single dose at 14 months. We evaluated the kinetics of isotype-specific antibodies in adults (n=21) after primary immunization with MenCC or secondary immunization with MenCC or plain MenC polysaccharide vaccine. Blood samples were collected prior to immunization(More)
Newborn infants, especially preterm infants, have an immature immune system, which is not capable to actively protect against vaccine-preventable infections. Therefore, the newborn is dependent on transplacental transport of Immunoglobulin G (IgG), an active, FcRn receptor mediated process. Fetal IgG rises from approximately 10% of the maternal(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal antibodies, transported through the placenta during pregnancy, contribute to the protection of infants from infectious diseases during the first months of life. The aim of this study was to measure the concentration of antibodies against several vaccine-preventable diseases in paired maternal and cord blood serum samples in preterm and(More)