Fiona R Lucas

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Synapse formation requires changes in cell morphology and the upregulation and localization of synaptic proteins. In the cerebellum, mossy fibers undergo extensive remodeling as they contact several granule cells and form complex, multisynaptic glomerular rosettes. Here we show that granule cells secrete factors that induce axon and growth cone remodeling(More)
WNT-7a induces axonal spreading and branching in developing cerebellar granule neurons. This effect is mediated through the inhibition of GSK-3beta, a serine/threonine kinase and a component of the WNT pathway. Lithium, an inhibitor of GSK-3beta, mimics WNT-7a in granule cells. Here we examined further the effect of GSK-3beta inhibition on cytoskeletal(More)
The serotonin transporter (5-HTT) regulates serotonergic neurotransmission and is thought to influence emotion. A 5-HTT-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) has two common variants, short (s) and long (l). We previously found population and within-family associations between the lower-expressing s allele and neuroticism, a trait related to anxiety,(More)
WNT factors play a key role in early patterning of the embryo. However, expression of Wnt genes after cell commitment suggests additional roles in later developmental processes. We report here that Wnt-7a is expressed in cerebellar granule cell neurons as they begin to extend processes and form synapses. WNT-7a increases axonal spreading and branching in(More)
Valproate (VPA) and lithium have been used for many years in the treatment of manic depression. However, their mechanisms of action remain poorly understood. Recent studies suggest that lithium and VPA inhibit GSK-3beta, a serine/threonine kinase involved in the insulin and WNT signaling pathways. Inhibition of GSK-3beta by high concentrations of lithium(More)
Dopaminergic genes are likely candidates for heritable influences on cigarette smoking. In an accompanying article, Lerman et al. (1999) report associations between allele 9 of a dopamine transporter gene polymorphism (SLC6A3-9) and lack of smoking, late initiation of smoking, and length of quitting attempts. The present investigation extended their study(More)
BACKGROUND A self-administered dietary history questionnaire, especially developed for use in a large French prospective cohort study, was tested for accuracy of food intake measurement by comparing it to the average of 9-12 24-hour recalls. This questionnaire was structured according to the French meal pattern. An important feature of the questionnaire was(More)
Tau is a neuronal microtubule-associated protein whose function is modulated by phosphorylation. GSK-3beta is a tau kinase. GSK-3beta is part of the wingless signalling pathway and stimulation by wingless is predicted to down-regulate GSK-3beta activity. In Drosophila imaginal disc cells, overexpression of dishevelled, a component of the wingless pathway,(More)
Dysfunction and loss of synapses are early pathogenic events in Alzheimer's disease. A central step in the generation of toxic amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides is the cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β-site APP-cleaving enzyme (BACE1). Here, we have elucidated whether downregulation of septin (SEPT) protein family members, which are implicated in(More)
Alterations of nocturnal sleep have been widely described in affective disorders. However, little is known about putative daytime sleep and to what extent daytime sleep could interfere with nocturnal sleep. The goal of this study was to investigate 24-hr sleep patterns in 12 depressed patients hospitalized for a major depressive disorder and in 10 control(More)