Fiona Pepper

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BACKGROUND Ketamine is used acutely as a model of schizophrenia. It has been suggested that chronic ketamine may also mimic aspects of this disorder, in particular impaired cognitive function. As semantic processing deficits are considered central to cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, this study aimed to characterize semantic impairments following both(More)
Ketamine, a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, induces acute effects resembling the positive, negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. Chronic use has been suggested to lead to persistent schizophrenia-like neurobiological changes. This study aims to test the hypothesis that chronic ketamine users have changes in brain neurochemistry and(More)
Blocking is an associative learning process that is attenuated in schizophrenia, can be modulated by cue salience and is accompanied by changes in selective attention. Repeated exposure to ketamine can model aspects of schizophrenia, and frequent users selectively attend to images of the drug. This study aimed to establish whether (1) ketamine users show(More)
Ketamine, a non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist, is rising in popularity as a drug of abuse. Preliminary evidence suggests that chronic, heavy ketamine use may have profound effects on spatial memory but the mechanism of these deficits is as yet unclear. This study aimed to examine the neural mechanism by which heavy ketamine use(More)
Tobacco addiction is a global public health problem. Addiction to tobacco is thought to involve the effects of nicotine on the dopaminergic system. Only one study has previously investigated dopamine synthesis capacity in cigarette smokers. This study, exclusively in male volunteers, reported increased dopamine synthesis capacity in heavy smokers compared(More)