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Lack of insight is a frequent concomitant of psychosis and has traditionally been viewed as a binary, all or none phenomenon. Recent conceptualization has formulated insight as a continuum representing the juxtaposition of 3 factors--awareness of illness, need for treatment and attribution of symptoms. Measurement of insight has been exclusively based on(More)
BACKGROUND The application of cognitive therapy (CT) to psychosis is currently being developed in the UK. This paper reports a trial of CT in acute psychosis with the objective of hastening the resolution of positive symptoms and reducing residual symptoms. METHOD Of 117 patients with acute non-affective psychosis, 69 satisfied inclusion criteria and 40(More)
OBJECTIVES Sensorimotor deficits such as impaired joint proprioception and muscle weakness have been found in association with hypermobility syndrome (HMS) in adults. HMS is more common in children than adults, yet such deficits have not been adequately investigated in paediatric populations. It is therefore uncertain as to what sensorimotor deficits are(More)
BACKGROUND A trial of CT in acute psychosis conducted by the authors has shown a significant impact on the rate and degree of recovery of positive symptoms, the focus of the intervention. This paper seeks to determine whether these effects generalise to other features of acute psychosis including dysphoria, insight and "low level' psychotic thinking which(More)
Recognition of prodromal symptoms of schizophrenia offers the potential of early intervention to avert relapse and re-hospitalization (Carpenter & Heinrichs, 1983). The present study investigated how a strategy to detect prodromal signs might be effectively applied in the clinical setting. A standard monitoring system was developed involving completion of a(More)
The management of schizophrenia may be characterised by two paradigms. The first approaches the schizophrenias as episodic relapsing disorders, where treatment is provided through both acute (crisis) care and to achieve prophylaxis. The second paradigm, sometimes arising from a failure of the first, is of "rehabilitation", involving amelioration of(More)
The identification of the motor unit (MU) innervation zone (IZ) using surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals detected on the skin with a linear array or a matrix of electrodes has been recently proposed in the literature. However, an analysis of the reliability of this procedure and, therefore, of the suitability of the sEMG signals for this purpose has(More)
Hypermobility syndrome (HMS) is characterised by generalised joint laxity and musculoskeletal complaints. Gait abnormalities have been reported in children with HMS but have not been empirically investigated. The extent of passive knee joint range of motion (ROM) has also not been well reported in children with HMS. This study evaluated gait kinematics and(More)
There is overwhelming evidence that the outcome for people with schizophrenia in Western industrialised countries is inferior to that of those living in the Third World. Extended family structures, greater opportunities for social reintegration, and more positive constructions of mental illness have been offered as possible explanations for this effect. The(More)
Data were taken from a trial comparing three physical activity interventions, in 134 people with T2D (age=61.3±10.3yrs; BMI=33.32±6.9kg/m 2). The interventions were a one-to-one consultation, a written-delivered pack and a leaflet. Physical activity was measured over seven days, using the GT1M accelerometer, pre-intervention and 6 and 12 months(More)