Fiona M. D. Barr

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To restore functional use of paralyzed muscles by automatically controlled stimulation, an accurate quantitative model of the stimulated muscles is desirable. The most commonly used model for isometric muscle has had a Hammerstein structure, in which a linear dynamic block is preceded by a static nonlinear function. To investigate the accuracy of the(More)
With the advent of functional electrical stimulation (FES) there is the possibility of paraplegic patients regaining some degree of locomotor activity. It is of interest to document the changes in composition histochemistry and size of muscle fibres in such patients both before and after such therapy. We have examined biopsy specimens from quadriceps(More)
This is the second of a pair of papers which describe an investigation into the feasibility of providing artificial balance to paraplegics using electrical stimulation of the paralyzed muscles. By bracing the body above the shanks, only stimulation of the plantar flexors is necessary. This arrangement prevents any influence from the intact neuromuscular(More)
We have implanted an intradural array of 12 tripolar electrodes on the anterior roots L2-S2, left and right, at cauda equina level, in a 33-year-old woman with a complete T9 cord lesion of 3 years' duration. They are driven by an implanted multiplexed stimulator system using radio frequency (RF) power and control signals. All channels generate movements, in(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop an effective selection procedure for lower limb functional neurostimulation (LLFNS) for standing in paraplegia. DESIGN The selection procedure and exclusion criteria were based on the previous experience for two clinical centres with experience of LLFNS. SETTING Two Regional Spinal Injuries units in southern England. SUBJECTS 254(More)
This paper considers part of the problem of how to provide unsupported standing for paraplegics by feedback control. In this work our overall objective is to stabilize the subject by stimulation only of his ankle joints while the other joints are braced. Here, we investigate the problem of ankle joint moment control. The ankle plantarflexion muscles are(More)
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