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Our objective was to assess junior doctors' perceptions of their antibiotic prescribing practice and of bacterial resistance. We surveyed 190 postgraduate doctors still in training at two university teaching hospitals, in Nice (France) and Dundee (Scotland, UK), and 139 of them (73%) responded to the survey. The main results presented in this abstract are(More)
BACKGROUND Practice guidelines suggest that all patients hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) should receive antibiotics within 4 h of admission. An audit at our hospital during 1999-2000 showed that this target was achieved in less than two thirds of patients with severe CAP. METHODS An experienced multidisciplinary steering group(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the factors which may influence the timing of the introduction of solid food to infants. The design was a prospective cohort study by interview and postal questionnaire. Primiparous women (n 541) aged between 16 and 40 years were approached in the Forth Park Maternity Hospital, Fife, Scotland. Of these, 526 women(More)
Much of the recent work in tackling meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has focused on hygiene in hospitals, but it is unclear how much hospital staff know about the treatment and management of patients who are colonized or infected with MRSA. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and perceived practice of staff regarding MRSA and(More)
CONTEXT Transient hypothyroxinemia is the commonest thyroid dysfunction of premature infants, and recent studies have found adverse associations with neurodevelopment. The validity of these associations is unclear because the studies adjusted for a differing range of factors likely to influence neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVE The aim was to describe the(More)
Commercial slaughter steers (n = 329) and heifers (n = 335) were selected to vary in frame size, muscle score, and carcass fat thickness to study the effectiveness of live evaluation and ultrasound as predictors of carcass composition. Three trained personnel evaluated cattle for frame size, muscle score, fat thickness, longissimus muscle area, and USDA(More)
Thyroid hormone is essential for fetal and neonatal development in particular of the brain, but little is known about regulation of fetal thyroid hormone levels throughout human gestation. The purpose of this study was to clarify developmental trends and interrelationships among T(4), free T(4) (FT4), thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG), TSH, T(3), rT(3), and(More)
Previous research in environmental and occupational health has suggested that fluctuations in the sex ratios of births might provide a useful early warning to the possible health effects of toxins or other stresses in the environment. To examine further this hypothesis, we investigated the sex ratios of births in an area in central Scotland which contained(More)
To identify a range of attitudes and beliefs which influence the timing of introduction to solid food, five focus group discussions were undertaken within a maternity hospital setting. These sessions explored early feeding behaviour, stimuli to changing feeding habits and subsequent responses in 22 primiparous and seven multiparous mothers (mean age(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of admission cardiotocography and Doppler auscultation of the fetal heart on neonatal outcome and levels of obstetric intervention in a low risk obstetric population. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING Obstetric unit of teaching hospital PARTICIPANTS Pregnant women who had no obstetric complications that(More)